INDO-MALAYAN Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

The diversity of plants in the rainforests of Asia is too much for one page!

Kingdom Fungi

fungi-nature-lodge-cambodia(Nature Lodge, Cambodia)
kithugala-fungi(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)


A lichen as a composite organism; that is, it is two types of life forms living symbiotically to appear as one. It is either an algae or cyanobacteria, living in amongst the filaments of a fungi.

lichen-on-bamboo-jahooLichen on bamboo, (Jahoo, Cambodia)

Order Laurales
Family Lauraceae
Order Piperales
Family Piperaceae
Order Pandanales
Family Pandanaceae

Order Zingiberales

Family Zingiberaceae

Order Dillenales
Family Dilleniaceae
Order Vitales
Family Vitaceae

Order Fabales

Family Fabaceae

(Jahoo Gibbon Camp)

Probably Mucuna. Vine pod and beans.

Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae
Family Moraceae

Order Malpighiales

Family Euphorbiaceae

Macaranga sp. (Krakatoa, Indonesia). The species in this genus are among the most common of tropical Asian jungle plants, as they are pioneer species: those that grow fast and quick on the edge of the rainforest.

Family Rafflesiaceae

These are the biggest flowers in the world. They are only found in the rainforest of south-east Asia. Contrary to popular belief, they don't stink; (that's another large tropical flower called Amorphophallus titanum).

(Poring Hot Springs, Malaysia)

Rafflesia keithii. This species is the second largest in the genus after the Sumatran species Rafflesia arnoldii

Order Malvales
Family Malvaceae
Family Dipterocarpaceae

Order Myrtales

Family Myrtaceae

Family Melastomataceae

(Horton Plains, Sri Lanka)

Osbeckia lanata. Found in the understory in montane forests in Sri Lanka.

Order Caryophyllales

Family Droseraceae

Family Nepenthaceae

(Tanjung Puting National Park, Borneo, Indonesia)

Nepenthes sp.

(Mesilau, Malaysia)

Nepenthes rajah, 'Pitcher Plant'. The largest of all Pitcher Plants (with my hand for scale). Only found close to the ground on a few mountains in northern Borneo.

Order Ericales

Family Lecythidaceae

(Jahoo Camp, Cambodia)

Careya arborea.

Family Ericaceae, 'Heathers'

Rhododendron spp.

Many species in this genus have large red flowers. They are mostly found in the higher altitude forests of Asia.

(Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia)

The flowers of Rhododendron provide some much needed bright colour to the gloom of the montane rainforest in Borneo.

(Horton Plains)

Rhododendron arboreum, 'Ceylon Rhododendron'. Grows as a shrub in the open or small tree in more protected areas. Leaves greyish-brown on underside due to hairs.  Large bunches of a dozen red flowers. Found in cloud forest, endemic to Sri Lanka.

(Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia)

Rhododendron sp.

(Horton Plains, Sri Lanka)

Vaccinium leschenaultia, Indian Cranberry. Shrub or small tree. Found in montane forest in India and Sri Lanka.

Order Gentianales
Family Rubiaceae

Family Apocynaceae

Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae

Order Lamiales
Family Verbenaceae
Family Lamiaceae

Order Apiales
Family Araliaceae

To identify...

(Khao Sok, Thailand)

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