The Fynbos heathlands in the southern temperate region of Africa is rich in bird, insect and most especially plant species...
Distribution of fynbos in southern Africa.
One of the highest diversities of plants in the world is in the Fynbos of southern temperate Africa. In fact, it is so rich, it is classified as it's own floristic region separate from the rest of Africa, and equivalent to the other floristic regions of South America or Australasia.
The species of Proteaceae in South Africa include some of the biggest showiest flowers in the world.
The large flowers attract some of the world's largest nectar feeding birds, such as the 'sugarbirds'.
Erica abietina. Endemic to southern South Africa.
Maybe Crassula coccinea?
Nephila fenestrata 'Black-legged Nephila'.
Cyrtothyrea marginalis, 'Common Dotted Fruit Chafer'.
Acraea horta, 'Garden Acraea'
Xylocopa, 'Carpenter Bee' .
Many areas around the world have mammals adapted to living in rocky outcrops. In North America it is the Mountain Goat, in Asia it is the Serows, in the Himalayas it is the Tarkin and the Tahr, and in Australia it is the rock wallabies. In sub-Saharan Africa, it is the Dassie or Hyrax.
Procavia capensis, 'Cape Hyrax', 'Rock Hyrax', 'Rock Dassie'.
Hystrix africaeaustralis, 'Cape Porcupine', 'South African Porcupine'.
The main centre and jumping off point for exploring the fynbos heathlands of South Africa is of course Cape Town. While here, you can explore the Botanical Gardens for 'captive' fynbos species and Table Mountain for wild ones. If you want to see some of the native birds and get out of the city, a great place to stay is Avian Leisure.