Human Habitats
(Farms, Gardens & Settlements)

The human habitats of tropical Asia are widespread and include farms, gardens, villages and even cities. While they are not as diverse as surrounding rainforest and woodlands, they host a variety of introduced and native flora and fauna... 


Family Euphorbiaceae

Hevea brasilensis, 'Rubber Tree' with latex (Bukit Lawang, Indonesia).

Ficus religiosa, 'Bodhi Tree', 'Buddha Fig'. Leaves have very long thin drip-tip. Often planted around temples.


Class Insecta

Order Odonata: Dragonflies & Damselflies

Order Lepidoptera

Family Nymphalidae


Unonia hierta, 'Yellow Pansy'.

Class Reptilia

Family Agamidae: Dragons

Class Aves: Birds

Family Alcedinidae: Kingfishers

(Talangama, Sri Lanka)

Halcyon smyrnensis, 'White-throated/breasted Kingfisher'. Found near water and around small settlements, from middle east across Asia to Bali. Often seen perched on wires. In the Philippines it is the similar Halcyon gularis 'Brown-breasted Kingfisher'

Family Upupidae: Hoopoe


Upupa epops, 'Eurasian Hoopoe'.

Family Oriolidae: Old World Orioles

(Talangama, Sri Lanka)

Oriolus xanthornus, 'Black-hooded Oriole'.

Family Laniidae: Shrikes


Lanius schach, 'Long-tailed Shrike'/'Rufous-backed Shrike'.  A very widespread native bird found south to New Guinea. 

Family Corvidae: Crows & Jays

(Prek Toal, Cambodia)

Crypsirina temia, 'Racket-tailed Treepie'. In poor light, as in this photograph, these birds appear quite dark and dull, however, in good light they are a much more attractive glossy green.

Family Pycnonotidae: Bulbuls


Pycnonotus cafer, 'Red-vented Bulbul'. A native bird that has also become an introduction outside it's range.

Family Leiothrichidae: Laughingthrushes

(Talangama, Sri Lanka)

Argya affinis, 'Yellow-billed Babbler'.

Family Sturnidae: Starlings & Mynas

(Sri Lanka)

'Common/Indian Mynah' nesting in wall.

Family Muscicapidae: Old World Flycatchers


Copsychus saularis, 'Oriental Magpie-Robin'. One of the most common urban birds throughout tropical Asia, even found in big bustling cities such as Bangkok. 

Family Estrildidae: Estrildid Finches

(Inthanon Resort, Thailand)

Lonchura punctulata, 'Scaly-breasted/Spotted Munia'. Often found around villages and farms.

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