INDO-MALAYAN
Tropical & Subtropical Dry (Deciduous/Monsoon) Forest

The tropical and subtropical dry deciduous and monsoon forest of tropical Asia...

the biome and vegetation communities

As with any biome, there are many variations within the habitat. Even small differences in conditions such as geology & soil, altitude, latitude and rainfall can result in different plant species dominating, and thus we have various vegetation communities.

The physical structure can also vary; at the drier end of the open forest, the trees are further apart and the fields are more extensive, and the biome segues into a savanna grassland or dry xeric shrubland. At the wetter end of the scale (such as along rivers as in the image below), the trees start to form a canopy and become a riverine forest; in even wetter areas, it becomes a rainforest.   

Lunugamvehera National Park, Yala, Sri Lanka.

the seasons

The tropical deciduous woodlands of south-east Asia at the end of the dry season, just at the start of the first rains (Cambodia). At this time of the year, many of the dominant trees are leafless.

The first rains of the summer monsoon season produce the initial carpet of bright green grass.

the Birds and Passerine birds of the seasonally dry monsoon forests and woodlands of tropical Asia.

the reptiles of the seasonally dry monsoon forests and woodlands of tropical Asia.

the Mammals of the seasonally dry monsoon forests and woodlands of tropical Asia.

Places to explore in the seasonally dry monsoon forests and woodlands of tropical Asia.


Thinking of travelling again after everything settles down? One of the first expeditions I am booked to work on is the NZ sub-Antarctics with Silversea Expeditions. And here is a shortened version of one of my lectures in a warmer part of the world.