Tropical Moist Forest

The tiny pockets of forest of the small tropical and subtropical islands of the vast Pacific Ocean include only a small number of species, but they are unique for their being remote and often endemic. The biogeography of this region is not really distinct; if you look at the groups of birds found on these islands, such as lorikeets and fruit doves (only a few insects, reptiles and mammals have made it), it is essentially an extension of the north-eastern Australasian flora and fauna, especially New Guinea and Melanesia. 

Class Reptilia


Lamprolepis smaragdina, 'Emerald Tree Skink'.

Class Aves: Birds

One of the most successful groups on remote tropical islands are the pigeons and doves. 

fijiDoveGolden(in captivity, Fiji)

Ptilinopus luteovirens, 'Golden Fruit Dove'. Endemic to Fiji.

The Imperial Pigeons are widespread across islands of the Pacific. They are also one of the best plant seed dispersers. 

pigeon-barking-lautoka-taveuniDucula latrans, 'Barking/Peale's Imperial Pigeon'. Endemic to Fiji.

Family Accipitridae: Hawks, Kites, Eagles

ColoISuvaFijiGoswawkAccipiter rufitorques, 'Fijian Goshawk'. Found in various habitats, but endemic to Fiji. (Colo-I-Suva, Fiji)

Family Psittaculidae: Parrots

ColoISuvaCrimsonParrot(Colo-I-Suva, Fiji)

Prosopeia personata, 'Masked Shining Parrot'. Endemic to Fiji.

Family Meliphagidae: Honeyeaters

Honeyeaters have dispersed out into many Pacific islands from their centre in Australasia. 

palau-honeyeaterMyzomela rubratra, 'Micronesian Myzomela'. Found in northern Mariana islands. (Palau Royal Resort gardens)

Foulehaio spp.'(Fiji) Wattled Honeyeaters'

There are three species in this genus. They are found on the islands of Fiji, with one species extending into Polynesia.

ColoISuvawattledHoneyeaterProbably Foulehaio procerior, 'Northern Wattled Honeyeater'. Endemic to main island of Fiji. (Colo-I-Suva, Fiji)
fulaga-honeyeaterFoulehaio carunculatus, 'Eastern Wattled Honeyeater'. Found in the rainforest and mangroves of Fiji. (Fulaga, Fiji)

Family Campephagidae: Cuckoo-shrikes

ColoISuvaTrillerPolynesian(Colo-I-Suva resort, Fiji)

Lalage maculosa, 'Polynesian Triller'.

The Starlings have colonised and speciated on some island groups. Mynahs have been introduced and thrive on these empty niche islands.

palau-starlingsAplonis opaca, 'Micronesian Starling'. Found in Micronesia, including northern Mariana islands. (Palau Royal Resort gardens)
ColoISuvaMynahAcridotheres fuscus, 'Jungle Mynah'. Closely related and resembles Javan Mynah. Introduced from India into Fiji and other islands. (Colo-I-Suva resort, Fiji)

Class Mammalia

(Neiafu, Tonga)

Order Chiroptera

Family Pteropodidae 


Pteropus pelewensis, 'Pelew Flying Fox/Fruit Bat'. Infamously included in a 'fruit bat soup' in Micronesia.

(Fruit bat mom with young attached, Palau)

Pteropus tonganus , 'Insular/Pacific Flying Fox'. It is found in rainforest, mangroves and around human habitation. It is the most geographically widespread of all the flying fox in the Pacific; being recorded in New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Cook Islands, Tuvalu, Tokelau, Niue, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Wallis & Futuna and Fiji.

Places to experience Oceanic Pacific Island rainforest

Countries, islands, resorts, and national parks that have rainforest in the Pacific islands of Oceania include: French PolynesiaPalau, and the Pitcairn Islands.

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