Biogeographical regions
of the world 

The biogeographical regions of the world that this website is based on...

Terrestrial biogeographical regions of this website

The above map shows the more or less 'classic' biogeographical regions of the world. This one is based more on fauna than flora. There are variations, including some smaller areas within the zones that are sometimes considered their own biogeographical region.

For this website I have included two of these; the Madagascan region (which includes western Indian Ocean islands), and the Wallacean region. The former is so obviously distinct with the majority of animal and plant species being endemic. The latter is a transition zone between Australasia and Indo-Malayan life, with elements of both, and a large percentage of endemics.

Marine biogeographical regions of this website

The classic biogeographical regions do not take into account the majority of the planet; the marine areas! There have been many attempts at classifying the world's oceans. Given the ability of marine organisms to disperse widely, I am keeping it broad in the tropics and the northern and southern polar regions, and more specific in the northern and southern temperate areas.


the biogeographical regions and biomes/ecosystems of this website

AFROTROPICAL

Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical & Subtropical Savanna (Grassland and Shrublands)

Freshwater (Flooded Grassland & Savanna, Lakes and Rivers)

Mediterranean Scrub (Fynbos)

ANTARCTIC & SUB-ANTARCTIC

Open Ocean

Seashore

Tundra

ARCTIC

Open Ocean

Seashore

Tundra

ATLANTIC

Tropical Open Ocean

Coral Reefs

Tropical Seashore

AUSTRALASIAN

Temperate Ocean

Temperate Seashore

Mangroves

Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical Freshwater (Flooded Grassland & Savanna, Lakes and Rivers)

Tropical & Subtropical Savanna (tropical open woodlands and grasslands)

Temperate Forests (including various Eucalyptus open woodlands)

Mediterranean Scrub (including Mallee and Kwongan)

Xeric Deserts and shrublands

HUMAN TROPICAL

Farms & Gardens

INDO-MALAYAN

Mangroves

Temperate Broadleaf & Coniferous Forest 

Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forest

Tropical Freshwater Freshwater (Flooded Grassland & Savanna, and Rivers)

INDO-PACIFIC

Tropical Open Ocean

Coral Reefs

Tropical Seashore

MADAGASCAN

Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forest

Xeric Shrublands (Spiny Forest)

NEARCTIC

NEOTROPICAL

Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical Freshwater (Flooded Grassland & Savanna, and Rivers)

Tropical & Subtropical Grassland, Savannas and Shrublands (Cerrado & Llanos)

Mediterranean Scrub (Caatinga)

NORTHERN ATLANTIC

Temperate Ocean

Temperate Seashore

NORTHERN PACIFIC

Temperate Ocean

Temperate Seashore

PALEARCTIC

Temperate Broadleaf & Mixed Forest

SOUTHERN AFRICAN

Temperate Ocean

Temperate Seashore

SOUTH AMERICAN

Temperate Ocean

Temperate Seashore

WALLACEAN

Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

Tropical & Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forest



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