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bony fish 
INDO-PACIFIC Coral Reef

A short snorkel on a healthy tropical coral reefs gives you the opportunity to see more vertebrates in a shorter time than any other ecosystem...

Class Osteichthyes, 'Bony Fish'

This is the largest group of vertebrates in the world.

Family Hemiramphidae, Family Belonidae

Order Gasterosteiformes /  Syngnathiformes

Family Syngathidae

Family Centriscidae

Aeoliscus strigatus, 'Razorfish' (Panagsama, Philippines).

Order Scorpaeniformes

Family Scorpaenidae

Pterois sp. 'Lionfish' (Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands).

Family Serranidae: Groupers, Rock-cods, Anthias 

Cephalopholis argus, 'Peacock Grouper', 'Argus Grouper' (Farquar, Seychelles).

Subfamily Anthiadinae

Anthias (Mangalonga, Solomon Islands).

Family Echeneidae: Remoras

Family Carangidae

Includes the fast and predatory 'Trevally', known as 'Jacks' in the Americas.

Caranx ignobilis, 'Giant Trevally' (Aitutaki Fiji).

Family Haemulidae: 'Sweetlips', 'Grunts'

Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides, 'Many Spotted Sweetlips', 'Harlequin Sweetlips', juvenile (Panagsama, Philippines). The juvenile of this species impersonates a toxic flatworm.

 Family Lethrinidae 'Emperors', Family Nemipteridae 'Monocle Breams'

Family Mullidae, 'Goatfish'

Goatfish have barbels that hang down from their 'chin'.

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis, 'Yellowfin Goatfish',  (Aitutaki Fiji).

Family Pempheridae: 'Sweepers' 'Bullseye'

'Bullseye' or 'Bigeyes' are small and unusually shaped fish with huge eyes. They feed by night on zooplankton, then during the day they usually rest in schools underneath coral ledges.

(Turquoise Bay, Ningaloo, Australia)

Pempheris tominagai, 'African Silver Sweeper'?. Found in north-west Australia, western Indonesia, across Indian Ocean, Red Sea and to east African coast. (This is replaced by similar looking 'Silver Sweeper' Pempheris schwenkii along the rest of Australian coast, through Indonesia and to tropical Pacific).

(Turquoise Bay, Ningaloo, Australia)

Pempheris molucca?

For the page on:
Family Pomacentridae, 'Damselfish' including Anemonefish
click here

Family Labridae: Wrasse

Thalassomma hardwicke, 'Six-Banded/Sixbar Wrasse' (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).

Thick-lipped Wrasse (image by Damon Ramsey)(Lakeside, Ningaloo, Western Australia)

Hemigymnus fasciatus, 'Thick-lipped Wrasse'.

For the page on:
Family Chaetodontidae, 'Butterflyfish'
click here

Family Pomacanthidae, 'Angelfish'

Like Butterflyfish, Angelfish are also rather plate-shaped. However, they are more squarish in profile. 

Centropyge flavissima, 'Lemonpeel Angelfish' (Aitutaki Fiji).

Pygoplites diacanthus , 'Regal Angelfish' (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).

Family Zanclidae

There is only one species in this family.

Zanclus cornutus, 'Moorish idol' (Kakaban, Indonesia).

Family Acanthuridae, 'Surgeonfish'

Zebrasoma veliferum, 'Sailfin Tang', (Aitutaki Fiji).

Acanthurus triostegus, 'Convict Tang', (Aitutaki Fiji).

Order Tetraodontiformes

Family Balistidae: Triggerfish

Melichthys vidua, 'Pink-tailed Triggerfish'  (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).

Family Tetraodontidae

Canthigaster valentini, 'Valentin's Sharpnose/Black Saddled Puffer/Toby' (Miyako Island, Japan).

Family Ostraciidae: Boxfish, Cowfish &Trunkfish

Ostracion meleagris, '(White) Spotted Boxfish', (Niue).

Back to the page on Indo-Pacific Coral Reefs

Can't go travelling until everything settles down? Here I am doing a virtual guided walk for Noble Caledonia, and here I am doing other virtual guided walks...