A short snorkel on a healthy tropical coral reefs gives you the opportunity to see more vertebrates in a shorter time than any other ecosystem...
This is the largest group of vertebrates in the world.
Aeoliscus strigatus, 'Razorfish' (Panagsama, Philippines).
Pterois sp. 'Lionfish' (Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands).
Cephalopholis argus, 'Peacock Grouper', 'Argus Grouper' (Farquar, Seychelles).
Anthias (Mangalonga, Solomon Islands).
Includes the fast and predatory 'Trevally', known as 'Jacks' in the Americas.
Caranx ignobilis, 'Giant Trevally' (Aitutaki Fiji).
Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides, 'Many Spotted Sweetlips', 'Harlequin Sweetlips', juvenile (Panagsama, Philippines). The juvenile of this species impersonates a toxic flatworm.
Goatfish have barbels that hang down from their 'chin'.
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis, 'Yellowfin Goatfish', (Aitutaki Fiji).
'Bullseye' or 'Bigeyes' are small and unusually shaped fish with huge eyes. They feed by night on zooplankton, then during the day they usually rest in schools underneath coral ledges.
Pempheris tominagai, 'African Silver Sweeper'?. Found in north-west Australia, western Indonesia, across Indian Ocean, Red Sea and to east African coast. (This is replaced by similar looking 'Silver Sweeper' Pempheris schwenkii along the rest of Australian coast, through Indonesia and to tropical Pacific).
Thalassomma hardwicke, 'Six-Banded/Sixbar Wrasse' (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).
Hemigymnus fasciatus, 'Thick-lipped Wrasse'.
Like Butterflyfish, Angelfish are also rather plate-shaped. However, they are more squarish in profile.
Centropyge flavissima, 'Lemonpeel Angelfish' (Aitutaki Fiji).
Pygoplites diacanthus , 'Regal Angelfish' (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).
There is only one species in this family.
Zanclus cornutus, 'Moorish idol' (Kakaban, Indonesia).
Zebrasoma veliferum, 'Sailfin Tang', (Aitutaki Fiji).
Acanthurus triostegus, 'Convict Tang', (Aitutaki Fiji).
Melichthys vidua, 'Pink-tailed Triggerfish' (Bali Barat NP, Indonesia).
Canthigaster valentini, 'Valentin's Sharpnose/Black Saddled Puffer/Toby' (Miyako Island, Japan).
Ostracion meleagris, '(White) Spotted Boxfish', (Niue).