This huge family includes some of the most famous of all coral reef fish...
Stegastes nigricans, 'Dusky Gregory'. Varies in colour from dark to light depending on breeding conditions, often has blue line and patches below eye, and dark patch at top of where tail joins body. Found in shallow water around coral reefs. widespread from east coast of Africa, across south-east Asia, across northern Australia, north to Japan and to Polynesia with similar species in the Americas. Observed to protect patches of algae.
Pomacentrus vaiuli, 'Princess Damsel', 'Beau Gregory Damselfish', 'Ocellated Damsel'. Widespread; found on coral reefs throughout western pacific and eastern Indian Ocean.
Amblyglyphidodon aureus, 'Golden Damselfish'. Found around the drop off edge of clear coral reefs through central Indo-Pacific, including Northern Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia.
These fish are known as 'sergants' as they "have their stripes". They are common and many species come up for handouts during fish feeding.
Abudefduf sexfasciatus, 'Scisor-tail Sergeant'.
Abudefduf bengalensis, 'Bengal Sergeant'. Blue eyes, darker tail.
These famous fish are always found near or within the tentacles of a host anemonefish.
Amphiprion ocellarus, 'False/Common Clownfish', (Misool, Indonesia).
Amphiprion melanopus, 'Red and Black Anemonefish, 'Cinnamon Anemonefish'', with anemone Entacmaea quadricolor
Amphiprion frenatus, 'Tomato Clownfish'.
Amphiprion rubrocinctus, 'Australian Anemonefish'.. Only found off the north west and top end coasts of Australia.