The mammals of the dry deciduous forests of tropical south east Asia and India...
There are three recognised living species of elephant; two in Africa, and one in Asia. Of the latter, there are three subspecies.
Elephants eat tree bark, twigs, fruits, grass and roots, and might gobble up to 150 kilograms of food day.
Elephas maximus indicus, '(Indian) Asian Elephant', mother with young.
Macaca fascicularis, 'Long-tailed Macaque'.
Macaca sinica, 'Toque Macaque', (Bundala, Sri Lanka). Endemic to Sri Lanka.
A young Toque Macaque.
These monkeys are long limbed and usually greyish. They are mostly found in the open habitats of India and Sri Lanka. They mostly feed on leaves, but have been recorded eating grass, fruit, seeds, insects and larvae, and taking hand-outs from their relatives, humans.
Semnopithecus priam, 'Tufted Gray Langur', (Bundala, Sri Lanka). Found in south-eastern India and Sri Lanka.
Tamiops rodolphii, 'Cambodian Striped Squirrel'.
Callosciurus finlaysonii, 'Variable Squirrel', This local variation Callosciurus finlaysonii annellatus, is mainly rufous, with a distinct white band at the base of its tail.
Bos gaurus, 'Gaur'. The largest species of wild cattle in the world.
Deer are native across North America, South America, Europe and Asia. They have been introduced to the other continents.
The growths from the head are called 'antlers' (horns in antelopes) and are grown every year (as opposed to over their lifetime, as in antelopes) and generally only occur in males, with some exceptions, including Reindeer/Caribou (as opposed to antelopes where females develop smaller horns).
Axis axis, 'Spotted Deer', 'Chital' Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka). Distributed across India and surrounding countries.
Muntiacus muntjak, 'Common Muntjac Deer', 'Indian Muntjac Deer'. It's alarm call give is the name 'Barking Deer'. Common across south-east Asia; Bali is the eastern end of it's range.
Herpestes smithii, 'Ruddy Mongoose'. Usually recorded in forest, but also seen in more open habitats, in Sri Lanka and India.
Pathera tigrs, Tiger (Kanha, India).
Panthera pardus, 'Leopard' (Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka). Has a strange saw-like back and forth roar (that I have heard while hiding in my tent in India). One of the few big cats that still has a wide distribution; this species is found across tropical Africa and Asia.