INDO-MALAYAN Tropical & Subtropical Dry (Deciduous) Forest

Family Anatidae: Ducks, Geese, Swans

Family Phasianidae

(Tmatboey Lodge, Cambodia)

Francolinus pintadeanus, 'Chinese/Burmese Francolin'. Distribution is south-east Asian mainland into southern China.

(Udawalawa National Park Sri Lanka)
Yala National Park, Sri Lanka

Pavo cristatus, 'Indian Peafowl'. Endemic to India and Sri Lanka, but introduced to many other places around the world.

Male peacock in display (image by Damon Ramsey)(Udawalawa National Park Sri Lanka)

Male peacock in display.

Family Columbidae: Doves & Pigeons


Treron bicinctus, 'Orange-breasted Green Dove'. Female on left, male on right. Found in drier forests through tropical Asia, from India, through to Java.

Family Cuculidae: Cuckoos

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Cacomantis sonneratii,  'Banded Bay Cuckoo'.

Family Caprimulgidae: Nightjars, Nighthawks

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Caprimulgus affinis, 'Savanna Nightjar'.

Family Burhinidae: Thick-knees

Indian Thick-knee (image by Damon Ramsey)Indian Thick-knee (Udawalawa National Park)

Burhinus indicus, 'Indian Stone-Curlew/Thick-knee'.

Family Charadriidae: Plovers, Dotterels

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Vanellus indicus, 'Red-wattled Lapwing'.

Family Glareolidae: Coursers, Pratincoles

Oriental Pratincole, (image by Damon Ramsey)(Florican Grasslands, Cambodia)

Glareola maldivarum, 'Oriental Pratincole'.

Family Threskiornithidae: Ibises, Spoonbills

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Thaumatibis gigantea, 'Giant Ibis'. Only found regularly in northern Cambodia.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Pseudibis davisoni, 'White-shouldered Ibis'. Rare. Restricted to small ranges within Borneo and mainland south-east Asia. 

Family Accipitridae: Hawks, Kites, Eagles

Yala National Park, Sri Lanka

Haliastur indus, 'Brahminy Kite'.

(Tmatboey Lodge, Cambodia).

? Nisaetus cirrhatus, 'Changeable Hawk-eagle'.

Don't you hate it when the strands of pizza cheese are so sticky? (Yala National Park, Sri Lanka)

Nisaetus cirrhatus ceylanensis, '(Sri Lankan Crested) Changeable Hawk-eagle'.

(Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka)

Spilornis cheela, 'Crested Serpent Eagle'. Usually found on edge of forest, often near water, across tropical Asia.

(Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka)

Haliaeetus ichthyaetus, 'Grey-headed Fish Eagle'. Found in open habitats neat water across tropical Asia.

Family Strigidae: Typical Owls

(Florican Grasslands, Cambodia)

Athene brama, 'Spotted Owlet'.

(Tmatboey Lodge, Cambodia)

Glaucidium cuculoides, 'Barred Owlet'. Distributed from Nepal across south-east Asian mainland and north into southern China.


(image by Damon Ramsey)Yala National Park, Sri Lanka

Ocyceros gingalensis, 'Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill'. Found in forests and woodlands, only in Sri Lanka.

Family Meropidae: Bee-eaters

(Yala, Sri Lanka)

Merops philippinus, 'Blue-tailed Bee-eater'. Widespread in open habitats throughout Indian region and south-east Asia.

Little Green Bee-eater (image by Damon Ramsey)Yala National Park, Sri Lanka

Merops orientalis 'Little Green Bee-eater'. Very widespread, from northern Africa, through middle east, India, and into the south-east Asian mainland. The subspecies above is ceylonicus in Sri Lanka and has a very rufous head.

Family Coraciidae: Rollers

(Bunadala, Sri Lanka)

Coracias benghalensis, 'Indian Roller'. Found from the middle east, across India, to tropical south-east Asia.

Family Alcedinidae: Kingfishers

(Bali Barat National Park, Indonesia)

Todiramphus chloris palmeri, 'Collared Kingfisher'.

Family Megalaimidae: Asian Barbets

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia).

Psilopogon lineatus, 'Lineated Barbet'.

Family Picidae: Woodpeckers

The open woodlands of tropical Asia have a high diversity of woodpeckers. They range in shape, colour, size and ecological niche.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Dendrocopos hyperythrus, 'Rufous-bellied Woodpecker'. Found in closed and open forest across tropical Asia.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Leiopicus mahrattensis, 'Yellow-crowned Woodpecker'. Mostly found in India, but also patchily distibuted in some parts of mainland south-east Asia.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Micropternus brachyurus, 'Rufous Woodpecker'.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Picus erythropygius, 'Black-headed Woodpecker'.Almost looks like an old-world Oriole. Restricted to south-east Asian mainland.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Mulleripicus pulverulentus, 'Great Slaty Woodpecker'. The largest woodpecker in the world. Found in undisturbed open and closed habitats. Distribution from north-east India, across mainland south-east Asia and south to Java.

Family Falconidae

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Polihierax insignis, 'White-rumped Pygmy Falcon'.

Family Psittaculidae: Old World Parrots

(Bundala, Sri Lanka)

Psittacula krameric, 'Rose-ringed/Ring-necked Parakeet'.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Psittacula alexandri,'Red-breasted Parakeet'.

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia)

Psittacula roseata, 'Blossom-headed Parakeet' (female).

For the page on the songbirds of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia

Back to the page on the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia

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