In recent years, there have been more new species of birds recognized in the woodlands of southern Wallacea, as previous wider ranging species have been split. East Timor in particular now has a large range of endemics
Megapodius reinwardt, 'Orange-footed Scrubfowl'.
Ducula aenea, 'Green Imperial Pigeon'.
Macropygia magna, 'Timor Cuckoo-Dove'.
Ptilinopus regina (subspecies) roseipileum, '(Timor) Rose-crowned Fruit Dove'. This subspecies has no 'rose crown'.
Merops ornatus, 'Rainbow Bee-eater'.
Oriolus chinensis, 'Black-naped Oriole'. Found in many habitats, including the dry forest of Wallacea. A very widespread species throughout south-east Asia.
Dicrurus densus, 'Wallacean Drongo'.
Saxicola gutturalis, 'Timor Bush Chat'.
Dicaeum igniferum, 'Black-fronted flowerpecker'. Endemic to the Lesser Sunda islands.
The fossil evidence suggests that in prehistoric times there were other significant mammals living in the woodlands of southern Wallacea, including a pygmy Stegadonts (a type of elephant). Today, the most common mammals encountered are those that disperse well between the islands, the 'Fruit Bats' or 'Flying Fox'.