NEOTROPICAL Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

The rainforests of tropical South and Central America have the highest diversity of plants in the world...

Order Proteales

Family Proteaceae

Oreocallis grandiflora (image by Damon Ramsey)(Wayqecha Lodge, Peru)

Oreocallis grandiflora. There is only one species in this genus. Shrub or small tree. Grows in forests above 1000 metres in southern Ecuador and northern Peru. A showy and obvious flower in its habitat and visited by hummingbirds. 

Order Asparagales 

Family Orchidaceae

This orchid flower looks like a little man with a funny hat, screaming - (although I have flipped the image upside down - Wayqecha Lodge, Peru)

Epidendrum secundum

(?) Cyrtochilum aureum (Wayqecha Lodge, Peru).

Order Malvales

Family Malvaceae

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

Ceiba pentandra 'Kapok'. One of the biggest trees in the world. Found in Central America and northern South America (and West Africa?).

(Yarina Lodge, Ecuador)

Apeiba sp. About 10 species. Grow as trees, often with buttress roots. Often have yellow flowers. Many species produce distinctive sea urchin like fruit, flattened round ball covered in spikes. In some species, this type of fruit is amusingly called 'Monkeys Comb'. All species are found in tropical Americas.

Order Myrtales

Family Melastomataceae

miconia-manu-lodge(Manu road, Peru)

Miconia includes over 1200 species. They are found in the warmer areas of the tropical Americas, however, one species Miconia calvescens is a major weed in tropical areas around the world.

Order Solanales

Order Lamiales

Family Verbenaceae

Stachytarpheta spp., 'Snakeweeds'

Stachytarpheta and Golden-tailed Hummingbird (image by Damon Ramsey)Stachytarpheta are popular with butterflies and hummingbirds (Amazonia Lodge, Peru).

Stachytarpheta is a large genus with over 100 species. They are found in Central and South America, with many species becoming weeds around the tropics of the world. Both native and introduced populations are often visted by butterflies and hummingbirds.

Order Asterales

For the page on the tropical American rainforest

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