The birds of the Subantarctic seashore include sheathbills, gulls, skuas, albatross, giant petrels and cormorants...

Order Charadriiformes: waders & shorebirds

Family Stercorariidae: 'Skuas' and 'Jaegers'

(Macquarie Island, Australia)

Stercorarius antarcticus, 'Brown Skua', 'Antarctic Skua'.

Family Laridae: Gulls

Family Spheniscidae: Penguins

Eudyptes spp. 'Crested Penguins'

(South Georgia)

Eudyptes chrysolophus, 'Macaroni Penguin'. Looks similar to the Southern Rockhopper, which can overlap in range, but has a much more orange coloured crest.

(Macquarie Island)

Eudyptes schlegeli, 'Royal Penguin'. Breeds only on Macquarie Island.

(Macquarie Island, Australia)

Eudyptes chrysocome filholi, 'Eastern Rockhopper Penguin'. Considered a sub-species of the 'Southern Rockhopper Penguin'. Breeds on subantarctic islands in the southern Indian Ocean and south of Australia and New Zealand.

Aptenodytes spp.

(South Georgia)

Aptenodytes patagonicus, 'King Penguin'.

(South Georgia)

Juvenile of a 'King Penguin'. The young look so different, they were initially thought of being a different species.

Another unusual feature of the 'King Penguin' is their eye. In low light the pupils are round in shape, like almost all other birds. However, when they constrict they form a square or diamond shape, as pictured above.

Megadyptes spp.

(Auckland Islands)

Megadyptes antipodes 'Yellow-eyed Penguins'.

Order Procellariiformes: Tubenoses

Family Diomedeidae: Albatrosses

(Auckland Islands)

Phoebetria palpebrata, 'Light-mantled Sooty Albatross'.

Family Procellariidae: Petrels

(Macquarie Island, Australia)

Macronectes giganteus'Southern Giant Petrel'.

Family Phalacrocoracidae: Cormorants

Family Motacillidae

(South Georgia)

Anthus antarcticus, 'South Georgia Pipit'. The only passerine found on South Georgia.

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