NEOTROPICAL
Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest (Rainforest)

This is the technical term for the tropical rainforest or 'jungle'. The rainforests of tropical South and Central America are the most species diverse ecosystems in the world.

Map of Neotropical Moist Forest (Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1550301)
(Waychega Lodge, Peru)

A view from the cloud forest looking down into the rainforest of the mountains and valleys, on the Manu road from the top of the Andes down to the Amazon river.

(Image by Damon Ramsey)(Waychega Lodge, Peru)

The higher altitude rainforest has a lot of lichens and moss covering the trees.

For the page on the plants of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the invertebrates of the tropical American rainforest

(Grasshopper, Yarina, Ecuador)

For the page on the moths of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the butterflies of the tropical American rainforest

Diaethria, 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ (Manu road, Peru).

For the page on the amphibians of the tropical American rainforest

Frog, Amazon, by Damon Ramsey(Brazil)

Order Squamata: Lizards & Snakes

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

Suborder Iguania

Family Dactyloidae: Anole Lizards

Family Tropiduridae: Neoptropical Ground Lizards

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

Plica sp. 'Racerunner Lizard'. Colours described as 'mint chocolate chip' to blend in with lichens and mosses on tree trunks that they run up and down. They are reported to even sleep clinging vertically onto the tree trunk. 

Family Boidae

Eunectes spp., 'Anacondas'

Anacondas include some of the biggest snakes in the world. Female anacondas are larger than males. They release pheromones during the breeding season to attract males; this can result in 'breeding balls', where up to a dozen males have been observed trying to copulate with a single female. The males try to stimulate the female's cloaca with their pelvic spurs to allow mating. The males have to have some patience, as the breeding balls have been recorded to last up to two weeks.

(Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

Eunectes murinus'Green Anaconda'. The largest of the anacondas. This is the heaviest snake in the world. They are found around freshwater habitats in across tropical South America east of the Andes.

Family Colubidae: 'Rear-fanged Snakes'

I've got my eyes on you! (Yarina, Amazon, Ecuador)

Imantodes cenchoa, 'Blunthead Tree Snake'. With such large eyes and their vertical pupil slits, these snakes reportedly have great vision. Apparently, their eyes make up some 25% of their head! This snake was hanging out of tree when I was canoeing in the backwaters of the Amazon at night. They are found in lower trees in rainforest throughout South & Central America.

Order Crocodilia

(Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

Melanosuchus niger, 'Black Caiman'. The largest of the Caimans, growing up to 5 metres; thus it is considered to be the apex predator in lowland Amazonian rainforest.

For the page on the non-passerine birds of the tropical American rainforest
(ducks, guans, & pigeons trogons, toucans, parrots & woodpeckers)

For the page on the 
hummingbirds of the tropical American rainforest

Hummingbird (image by Damon Ramsey)Hummingbird (Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador)

For the page on the 
passerine songbirds of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the 
tanagers of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the mammals of the tropical American rainforest

Places to experience the tropical American rainforest

There are so many great places (and lodges) to explore the rainforest in the tropical Americas...

In Peru there is: Amazonia LodgeCock of the Rock LodgeMachu PicchuManu National Park & Biosphere Reserve, Manu Paradise Lodge, Villa Carmen Lodge, and Wayqecha Lodge in the cloud forest,  

In Ecuador: Angel Paz bird reserve, Refugio Paz de Las Aves and Tandayapa Bird Lodge in the western Andes cloud forest, Yarina Lodge in the Amazon, and Wildsumaco Lodge.

In Colombia: Amacayacu National Park in the Amazon.

And in the biggest country in South America, Brazil, there is: Antonios Jungle Lodge in the Amazon, and scenic Iguazu Falls.


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