NEOTROPICAL
Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest (Rainforest)

This is the technical term for the tropical rainforest or 'jungle'. The rainforests of tropical South and Central America are the most species diverse ecosystems in the world.

Map of Neotropical Moist Forest (Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1550301)
(Waychega Lodge, Peru)

A view from the cloud forest looking down into the rainforest of the mountains and valleys, on the Manu road from the top of the Andes down to the Amazon river.

(Image by Damon Ramsey)(Waychega Lodge, Peru)

The higher altitude rainforest has a lot of lichens and moss covering the trees.

the seasonally flooded forests of the Amazon

Much of the rainforest in the lowlands of the Amazon is seasonally flooded. After heavy rain the overflow of water from the main rivers and tributaries creates several hundred thousand square kilometres of 'flooded forest'. These flooded forests represent between 3-4% of the Amazon basin. The water may rise up to 15 metres, and flow 20 kilometres in from the main rivers.

They are generally categorized into the Varzea and the Igapo. The former is created by the muddy waters of main white water rivers, the latter by the clearer 'black water'. The Varzea flooding comes and goes quickly, while the Igapo forest may remain flooded for half of the year. The former are nutrient rich waters, flowing from the Andes, and thus have higher productivity. The white water flooded Varzea also have higher diversity of species, while the black water Igapo floodplains are less diverse, dominated by a few species of Legume. On this website, these flooded forests overlap with the more open Neotropical freshwater wetlands.  

For the page on the plants of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the invertebrates of the tropical American rainforest

(Grasshopper, Yarina, Ecuador)

For the page on the moths of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the butterflies of the tropical American rainforest

Diaethria, 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ (Manu road, Peru).

For the page on the amphibians of the tropical American rainforest

Frog, Amazon, by Damon Ramsey(Brazil)

For the page on the reptiles of the tropical American rainforest

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

For the page on the non-passerine birds of the tropical American rainforest
(ducks, guans, & pigeons trogons, toucans, parrots & woodpeckers)

For the page on the 
hummingbirds of the tropical American rainforest

Hummingbird (image by Damon Ramsey)Hummingbird (Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador)

For the page on the 
passerine songbirds of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the 
tanagers of the tropical American rainforest

For the page on the mammals of the tropical American rainforest

Places to experience the tropical American rainforest

There are so many great places (and lodges) to explore the rainforest in the tropical Americas...

In Peru there is: Amazonia LodgeCock of the Rock LodgeMachu PicchuManu National Park & Biosphere Reserve, Manu Paradise Lodge, Villa Carmen Lodge, and Wayqecha Lodge in the cloud forest,  

In Ecuador: Angel Paz bird reserve, Refugio Paz de Las Aves and Tandayapa Bird Lodge in the western Andes cloud forest, Yarina Lodge in the Amazon, and Wildsumaco Lodge.

In Colombia: Amacayacu National Park in the Amazon.

And in the biggest country in South America, Brazil, there is: Antonios Jungle Lodge in the Amazon, and scenic Iguazu Falls.


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