NEOTROPICAL Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest
Mammals

The mammals of the rainforest of South and Central America...

Order Primates


Family Callitrichidae: Marmosets & Tamarins

The Marmosets and Tamarins are all small primates. They scamper about in cooperative polyandrous groups , with one central reproductively active female, who breeds with multiple males. They are reported to produce mostly twins at birth. They are only found in the Neotropics of South and Central America.

Callithrix jacchus, 'Common Marmoset'(Rio, Brazil)

Callithrix jacchus, 'Common Marmoset'. Found in Atlantic forest and other habitats in north-eastern Brazil, including being introduced into Rio.

Family Cebidae: Capuchins and Squirrel Monkeys


Sapajus spp. 'Capuchins'

The monkey Marcel from friends was a capuchin!

Sapajus apella'Brown Capuchin', 'Black-capped Capuchin' (Cock of the Rock Lodge, Peru). Widespread across South America, and probably comprised of different species.

Saimiri spp. 'Squirrel Monkey'

Squirrel Monkey taxonomy is quite confusing as there has been many recent studies shifting species around.

Humboldt's Squirrel Monkey (image by Damon Ramsey)Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

Saimiri cassiquiarensis (macrodon), 'Humboldt Squirrel Monkey (Ecuador subspecies)'.

Family Pitheciidae: Titi, Saki, Uakari


'Titi Monkey', 'Springaffen (German)'

There are lot of species of Titi monkey! Recent taxonomic classification studies has revealed many are endemic to small areas. They usually have brown, grey or reddish colours. Some species have a different coloured forehead or a unibrow. Unusually for primates, they mate for life. Poor buggers. They are found in tropical rainforest in South America. 

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

?  Plecturocebus discolor 'White-tailed Titi Monkey'.

Family Atelidae: Howler, Spider & Woolly Monkeys

monkey-red-faced-spider-manaus(In captivity in Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

Ateles paniscus, 'Red-faced Spider Monkey'. In the wild these monkeys are very agile and therefore live in the high canopy. They are found in undisturbed primary rainforest in northern South America.

monkey-red-faced-spider-young-manaus(In captivity in Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

A young 'Red-faced Spider Monkey' in captivity.

(Manu Road, Peru)

Lagothrix cana, 'Gray Woolly Monkey'. Usually found in mountain rainforest, in south-eastern Peru and western Brazil, and small patches in Bolivia.

Order Rodentia


Family Sciuridae Squirrels

Sciurus ignitus, 'Bolivian Squirrel' (Manu Road, Peru).

Sciurus spadiceus, 'Southern Amazon Red Squirrel' (Cock of the Rock Lodge, Peru).

Notosciurus granatensis, 'Red-tailed Squirrel' (Bellavista Lodge, Ecuador).

Family Dasyproctidae: Agoutis and Acouchis

What a cutie is the little agouti! (Cock of the Rock Lodge, Peru)

Dasyprocta variegata, 'Brown Agouti'. (Split from the Central American Agouti).

Yarina Lodge, Ecuador

Dasyprocta fuliginosa, 'Black Agouti'. Usually found somewhere near freshwater, in forests and woodlands in the north-west Amazon part of South America.

Order Artiodactyla: 'Even toed Ungulates (Hoofed mammals)'


Family Tayassuidae: 'New World Pigs'

Peccaries are related to pigs, but different enough to now be placed in their own family. There are three species of Peccary. They are known by various other names, including 'Javelina' and 'skunk pigs' or 'musk hogs' due to their strong smell. They usually form herds, marking their territory with scent glands. Large groups can usually be smelled before they are seen, with some having an odour I found to be like chicken soup! Groups of peccary have been recorded to injure and even kill humans. They can make a chattering noise with their tasks as a warning.

Order Carnivora

(Manu road, Peru)

The scat of carnivores is often recognised by the hair in their scat from their prey. Some parts of animals, such scales, cuticles and hair are not as easily digestible, so they pass through the carnivore more or less intact. This not only occurs with mammal carnivora, but also hunting birds such as owls and eagles. 

Family Felidae: Cats

(Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

Panthera onca, 'Jaguar'. The biggest cat in the Americas. Melanistic forms of both (Old World) Leopards and (New World) Jaguars are known as 'Black Panthers'.

(Manaus Zoo, Brazil)

Leopardus pardalis, 'Ocelot'. Medium sized but striking cat, body grows up to 100cm (not including tail). Mostly nocturnal and crepuscular. Found in South America south to Argentina and north through Central America to south-western U.S.A.

Back to the page on the tropical American rainforest

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