The birds of the temperate seashores of Australasia...
Tadorna tadornoides, 'Australian Shelduck'. Female has white on face, male just has black.
Cereopsis novaehollandiae, 'Cape Barren Goose'. A bird of uncertain taxonomy, is it a duck or a goose. This is one of the rarest geese in the world. They can drink brackish water, so it they can survive on islands. They have been introduced to Maria Island off Tasmania.
Recurvirostra novaehollandiae, 'Red-necked Avocet'. Endemic to Australia. Can turn up anywhere there is open areas of shallow fresh or salt water.
Haematopus longirostris, 'Pied Oystercatcher'.
The egg of the Pied Oystercatcher is laid in a simple scrape in the sand on the open beach.
Charadrius ruficapillus, 'Red-capped Plover'.
Thalasseus bergii, '(Greater) Crested Tern'.
There are over 48 species of gull and they can be found all over the world. Most people would recognize gulls as a group and they were once placed in their own family. The bills are straight and strong, and the wings are long. The legs are strong for running, but also webbed for swimming. They are similar in many ways to their close relatives the terns, but differ in the fact that they have heavier bodies and are less aerial. Generally, adult gulls are coloured in whites and greys, with patches of blacks for contrast. As in some other types of seabird, blood brightens the bill and the legs in many species of breeding adults. Many species appear to be fairly long-lived, so there is a slow change of plumage colour and pattern from juvenile to adult over a few years. Gulls are familiar birds that are found all over the world. More species are found in the Northern Hemisphere than the Southern, and they are much more common along the temperate seashores of the world than in the tropics. Gulls are not usually found too far out to sea, and thus are often a good indicator of nearby land.
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae, 'Silver Gull'. Slim gull with light grey upperparts, snow white head underparts. Breeding adults have bright red bill and legs. This is the common gull in Australasia, and often just referred to as a ‘seagull’. It is taken for granted as has increased in urban areas, and even considered a nuisance. Common all around Australia's coast.
Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae scopulinus, 'Red-biiled Gull'. The New Zealand form of the Silver Gull.
Contrary to many people's expectations, there are just as many, if not more, penguin species along the cool temperate seashores of Australia and New Zealand than there are along the Antarctic continent.
Eudyptes robustus, 'Snares (Crested) Penguin'.
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus, 'Fiordland (Crested) Penguin'.
Megadyptes antipodes, 'Yellow-eyed Penguin', 'Hoiho', 'Tarakaka'.
Morus serrator, 'Australasian Gannet'.