plants
AUSTRALASIAN Temperate Forest

The diverse plants and beautiful flowers of the Australian temperate forests...

Order Proteales

Family Proteaceae

(image by Damon Ramsey)Avon Valley, Western Australia

Adenanthos barbiger, 'Hairy Jug Flower' Usually found in understory of jarrah forests only in south-west Australia. 

Banksia spp.

(Avon Valley, Western Australia)

Banksia grandis, 'Bull Banksia'. It often grows as just a shrub, but sometimes becomes a large tree. Can be found in heath and woodland, only in south-west Australia. 

(Avon Valley, Western Australia)

Banksia grandis produce a huge banksia cone.

(Yanchep, Western Australia)_

Banksia menziesii, 'Firewood Banksia'. Grows as a tree or shrub. Flowering occurs in winter and the inflorescence is striking and varied; they often appear fluffy and yellow on the bottom half and with fine red stripes in the trop. Endemic to the scrub and woodlands of south-western Australia.

Order Fagales

Family Casuarinaceae

Allocasuarina fruit. The Allocasuarina genus is closely related to Casuarina. The species are endemic to Australia.

Order Mrytales

Family Myrtaceae

Agonis spp.

A small group of trees and shrubs endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Agonic flexuosa, '(Western Australian) Peppermint' trees are short trees with have fibrous bark. They are mostly found near the coast and are endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Agonic flexuosa, '(Western Australian) Peppermint', have slim leaves giving them a 'weeping willow' appearance. The fruits are circular and woody.

'Eucalypts'

Corymbia spp. 'Bloodwoods'

(John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri'. This often tall tree has tessellated bark, which bleeds red sap when cut. An important tree that dominates the temperate forests that it lives in, and thus defines that vegetation type. Often grows with Eucalyptus marginata 'Jarrah'. Endemic to south-west Australia.

(John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' leaves.

"Names are for tombstones, baby. Take this honky out and waste him!" Some 'Honky nuts'. (John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' gum nuts are large for a bloodwood. They are known as 'Honky Nuts' and were thought to be the main inspiration for 'Snugglepot and Cuddlepie'.

(Mt.Frankland, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' copious red sap from tree trunk when damaged.

Eucalyptus spp.

(Lane Poole, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus marginata, 'Jarrah'. An important tree that dominates the temperate forests that it lives in, and thus defines that vegetation type. Often grows next to Corymbia calophyllum 'Marri'. Endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus marginata, 'Jarrah'. The trunk has fibrous thick stringy bark.

Order Ericales

Family Ericaceae

Astroloma spp.

A small genus of small bushes endemic to temperate Australia.

(Dryandra, WA)

Astroloma epicradis. Small herb of the understory. Endemic to south-west Australia.

Order Asterales

Family Goodeniaceae

Scaevola spp. 'Half flowers', 'Fan flowers'

One of the most distinctive and recognizable of all flowers, the Scaevola has the petals on one side but not the other.

(Kings Park, Australia)

Scaevola spp.

Back to the page on the Australian temperate forest and woodlands


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