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AUSTRALASIAN Temperate Forest

The diverse plants and beautiful flowers of the Australian temperate forests...

Order Arecales

Family Dasypogonaceae

Kingia spp.

There is only species in this genus. They strongly resemble 'Grass Trees' Xanthorrhoea and often grow in the same habitat, however, they are not closely related. Instead of flowers on a single long stalk, they are produced on many shorter 'drumsticks', thus the common name.

Kingia australis. Endemic to south-west Australia.

Order Commelinales

Family Haemodoraceae

(Kings Park, Western Australia)

Anigozanthos flavidus, 'Yellow Kangaroo Paw'. Endemic to forests of south-west Australia. 

Order Proteales

Family Proteaceae

(image by Damon Ramsey)Avon Valley, Western Australia

Adenanthos barbiger, 'Hairy Jug Flower' Usually found in understory of jarrah forests only in south-west Australia. 

Banksia spp.

Damon Ramsey with large fruiting cone of Banksia grandis(Avon, W.A.)

The biggest banksia cone (Banksia grandis) is as tall as a human head!

(Avon Valley, Western Australia)

Banksia grandis, 'Bull Banksia'. It often grows as just a shrub, but sometimes becomes a large tree. Can be found in heath and woodland, only in south-west Australia. 

(Avon Valley, Western Australia)

Banksia grandis produce a huge banksia cone.

(Yanchep, Western Australia)_

Banksia menziesii, 'Firewood Banksia'. Grows as a tree or shrub. Flowering occurs in winter and the inflorescence is striking and varied; they often appear fluffy and yellow on the bottom half and with fine red stripes in the trop. Endemic to the scrub and woodlands of south-western Australia.

(Dryandra, Western Australia)

Banksia (dryanadra) sessilis. 'Parrot Bush'. A common and widespread plant in various habitats within it's south-western Australian range.

(Dryandra, Western Australia)

Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia'. Round yellow inflorescence. It is found in various habitats with as sandy soil across it's range in the south-west of Australia.

Pincushion Hakea (image by Damon Ramsey)(Perth, WA)

Hakea laurina, 'Pincushion Hakea'. Endemic to south west of Australia.

Order Dilleniales

Family Dilleniaceae

Many species in this family have yellow flowers. In temperate Australia, most species are vines or shrubs.

Dillenia spp.

A genus of some 175 species. It includes trees, but is mostly shrubs and climbers. They usually have bright yellow flowers, with five petals. They are mostly found in Australia, with another two dozen species in New Caledonia, a couple in New Guinea and Fiji, and one endemic species in Madagascar.  

Dillenia flower (image by Damon Ramsey)(Yanchep, Western Australia)

Order Fabales

Family Fabaceae

(Cape to Cape, W.A.)

Bossiaea linophylla. Shrub. Endemic to south-west Australia.

Order Fagales

Family Casuarinaceae

Allocasuarina fruit. The Allocasuarina genus is closely related to Casuarina. The species are endemic to Australia.

Order Rosales

Order Malpighiales

Order Brassicales

Order Malvales

Order Mrytales

Family Myrtaceae

Agonis spp.

A small group of trees and shrubs endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Agonic flexuosa, '(Western Australian) Peppermint' trees are short trees with have fibrous bark. They are mostly found near the coast and are endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Agonic flexuosa, '(Western Australian) Peppermint', have slim leaves giving them a 'weeping willow' appearance. The fruits are circular and woody.

Various genera: 'Eucalypts', 'Gum Trees'

Corymbia spp. 'Bloodwoods'

(John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri'. This often tall tree has tessellated bark, which bleeds red sap when cut. An important tree that dominates the temperate forests that it lives in, and thus defines that vegetation type. Often grows with Eucalyptus marginata 'Jarrah'. Endemic to south-west Australia.

(John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' leaves.

"Names are for tombstones, baby. Take this honky out and waste him!" Some 'Honky nuts'. (John Forrest National Park, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' gum nuts are large for a bloodwood. They are known as 'Honky Nuts' and were thought to be the main inspiration for 'Snugglepot and Cuddlepie'.

(Mt.Frankland, Western Australia)

Corymbia calophylla, 'Marri' copious red sap from tree trunk when damaged.

Eucalyptus spp.

Eucalyptus - subgenus Eucalyptus

(Lane Poole, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus marginata, 'Jarrah'. An important tree that dominates the temperate forests that it lives in, and thus defines that vegetation type. Often grows next to Corymbia calophyllum 'Marri'. Endemic to south-west Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus marginata, 'Jarrah'. The trunk has fibrous thick stringy bark.

Eucalyptus - subgenus Symphyomyrtus

Karri forest (image by Damon Ramsey)(Karri, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus diversicolor 'Karri'. Not to be confused with the similar sounding but unrelated 'Kauri Pines' of wet tropical Australsia. One of the tallest trees in the world. Trunk is tall and straight, pale, with peeling bark. Dominates certain areas to become it's own beautiful forest type. Endemic to south-west of Australia.

(Leeuwin, Western Australia)

'Karri' leaves and fruits.

The bizarre spiky gum nuts of Eucalyptus lehmannii, 'Bushy Yate' (image by Damon Ramsey)(Cheyne, Western Australia)

Eucalyptus lehmannii, 'Bushy Yate'. A group of several closely related species that have distinctive 'spiky ball' gum nut fruits. Relatively short tree, often mallee form. The flowers are initially held in a very long pointed cap (operculum) before it drops off and reveals a spray of yellow stamens. This is followed by a bizarre collection of 'gum nuts'; the fruits are ball shaped with persistent 'exserted valves' that appear like spikes. These fruits give it another common name of 'spider gum'. 

Eucalyptus sideroxylon, 'Red Ironbark'. Flowers can be white or beautiful pink or red. Found in patches in inland woodland in south-eastern Australia. Planted elsewhere for it's striking pink flowers.

Order Sapindales

Family Rutaceae

Chorilaena sp.

There is only species in this genus.

Chorilaena quercifolia (image by Damon Ramsey)(Mammoth Cave, Western Australia)

Chorilaena quercifolia, 'Oak-leaf Chorilaena''. Shrub. Endemic to the understory of the Karri forests of the south-west of Australia.

Order Caryophyllales

Order Santalales

Family Loranthaceae

Order Ericales

Family Ericaceae

Astroloma spp.

A small genus of small bushes endemic to temperate Australia.

(Dryandra, WA)

Astroloma epicradis. Small herb of the understory. Endemic to south-west Australia.

Order Gentinales

Family Rubiaceae, Apocynaceae

Order Solanales

Family Solanaceae

Order Lamiales

Family Bignonicaeae, Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae 

Order Asterales

Family Asteraceae

Family Goodeniaceae

Scaevola spp. 'Half flowers', 'Fan flowers'

One of the most distinctive and recognizable of all flowers, the Scaevola has the petals on one side but not the other.

(Kings Park, Australia)

Scaevola spp.

Back to the page on the Australian temperate forest and woodlands

Throughout the virus I am working in Australia on and off as local borders close, mostly in the Kimberley with Coral Expeditions (May-September). If you can't go travelling until everything settles down, then until then, here I am doing online guided walks for Noble Caledonia and online lectures for Silversea.