a field guide to the planet - by Damon Ramsey
I visited the area with Sam Seasna in March 2019.
Tonle Sap is the largest freshwater lake in south east Asia, and a major geographical feature of Cambodia. When you are on the lake, you can not see the other side. At the end of the dry season when I was there, we had trouble crossing a part of the lake due to the shallow depth. In the wet season it expands some five times in area.
It feeds the river the Tonle Sap that goes across the country. This river is infamous for it reversing direction in the wet season as water pushes upstream from the Mekong to fill the lake. It meets the Mekong River near the capital of Phnom Penh, and then crosses the border into Vietnam to drain out through the Mekong Delta to the South China Sea, south of the city of Ho Chi Minh.
Most people visit the lake to do a tour of the people living in their villages on the lake's edge.
For birdwatchers, a reserve called Prek Toal has been set up on the northern side of the lake.
There are loads of birds to be seen along the edge of the water, and obviously species composition and numbers vary depending on the time of the year. Species I photographed included Brahminy Kite, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Indian Cormorant, Great Cormorant, Spot-billed Pelican, Great Egret, Grey Heron, Chinese Pond Heron, Black-headed Ibis, Asian Openbill, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Black-winged Stilt, and Whiskered Terns
The Mekong River system has, or did have, very high biodiversity. As well as a small population of Irrawaddy Dolphins, the river is famous for it's diversity of very large fish. The species being tossed by a cormorant below, might be a type of Probarbus 'Barb'. They can grow to enormous sizes.
Another fish being caught by Cormorants appear to be catfish. There are thought to be over 90 species of catfish in the Mekong River systems. The largest freshwater fish in the world is the Mekong Catfish.
There are several hides in various locations that reflect that different seasonal water levels.
Some of the hides look over colonies of hundreds of breeding storks. These mostly include the beautiful Painted Storks, but also include Lesser Adjutant, and Milky Stork.
Tonle Sap is less than a hour drive from Siem Reap. From the jetty most tourists visit the floating villages. However, if you want to see the bird reserve, it is another hour or so to the northern part of the lake, first crossing in a larger boat, and then up into the bird reserve in a smaller motorized canoe.
Thinking of travelling again after everything settles down? The first expedition I am booked to work on after the virus is Micronesia, New Guinea & Indonesia in 2021 with Silversea.