NEOTROPICAL Montane Grassland & Shrubland

The birds of the Neotropical paramo and puna montane grasslands and shrublands...

Family Laridae: Gulls

Chroicocephalus serranus, Andean Gull

Family Threskiornithidae: Ibis and Spoonbills

Theristicus branickii, Andean Black-faced Ibis

Family Falconidae

'Carunculated Caracara'. Trying saying the name of this bird three time fast!

Phalcoboenus carunculatus, 'Carunculated Caracara', (Tambor Condor, Ecuador). Found only in the mountain grasslands & shrublands of Ecuador and Colombia.

Family Turdidae: Thrushes

Turdus chiguanco, 'Chiquanco Thrush', (Cusco, Peru).

Family Fringillidae: Finches, Euphonias

Spinus magellanicus, Hooded Siskin, (Cusco, Peru).

Family Passerellidae: American Sparrows

Zonotrichia capensis'Rufous-collared Sparrow', 'Andean Sparrow','Tico-tico' (Portuguese), Chingolo (Spanish), (Cusco, Peru).

Family Thraupidae: Tanagers

Saltator aurantiirostris, 'Golden-beaked Saltator', (Cusco, Peru).

Family Trochilidae: Hummingbirds

Aglaeactis cupripennis, 'Shining Sunbeam' (Tambo Condor, Ecuador). Found in montane rainforest and shrubland in the Andes.

the sword-billed Hummingbird has a bill a metre long! No, just kidding. (Damon Ramsey)

Ensifera ensifera, 'Sword-billed Hummingbird', (Tambo Condor, Ecuador) As suggested by the name, the bill is very long; the only bird that has a bill longer than it's body. It looks absurd, and the bird can not preen with it's own bill like most birds, but must use it's feet. When it perches, it is usually with the bill pointing upwards. They mostly feed on the nectar from flowers in the genera Datura and Passiflora, especially 'Curuba' Passiflora mixta, which it is thought to have co-evolved with. The bird is found in montane forest and shrublands in the Andes. 

the Giant Hummingbird is about the size of a duck! No, just kidding again, sorry. (Damon Ramsey)

Patagona gigas, 'Giant Hummingbird' (Tambo Condor, Ecuador). Plain brown with rufous underbelly. As the names suggests, this is the largest of all hummingbirds; it is about the size of an European Starling, but is much lighter. It is found on the edge of the montane forest and in shrublands in the Andes.

Aglaiocercus kingii, 'Long-tailed Sylph', (Wayqecha Lodge, Peru). Only the males have the longer tails, as this would be impractical for nesting females. Often seen at feeders. Found in mountain rainforest and edge in Andes.

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