The temperate forests and open woodlands of Australia are usually dominated by species of Eucalyptus. The different vegetation communities are often named for the main canopy species, and include Jarrah forest, Marri forest, Karri forest, Wandoo woodlands, Mountain Ash forest, Ironbark woodlands, Mallee woodlands and many others...
Fire can be a regular occurrence in the temperate Eucalytptus woodlands and open forests. The trees burn easily, as Eucalyptus have high amounts of flammable oil in their leaves. Human populations in Australia are concentrated in the south-east and south-west, often in or on the edge of these woodlands, thus there is a lot of effort and study put into managing fire regimes.
Astroboletus occidentalis, 'Ridge-stemmed Bolete''. Often found growing with 'Jarrah' Eucalyptus marginata in south-west Australia.
Boletellus obscurecoccineus, 'Rhubarb Bolete'. One of the more colourful mushrooms of temperate areas. In some areas, the bright red colour may transform into blue when bruised. Widely found on the forest floor in Australia, through New Guinea, and into Asia north to Japan.
Euploea core, 'Common Crow Butterfly'. One of the more common butterflies in Australia. Found in many wetter habitats across the eastern and northern parts of the continent and up into tropical Asia.
Tirumala hamata, 'Dark Blue Tiger Butterfly'. Found in wetter parts of Australia and into tropical Pacific islands and north into tropical Asia.
Cryptocheilus spp., 'Spider Wasp'. Known to kill even large spiders like Huntsman.
Ranoidea caerulea, 'Australian Green Tree Frog', 'Dumpy Tree Frog', 'White's Tree Frog'. Probably the most commonly seen tree frog in temperate Australian woodlands. Call is loud, rough and slow 'rawr.....rawr....rawr". Common in the pet trade. Found across Australia, sometimes even in toilet bowls.