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Temperate Forest & Woodlands

The temperate forests and open woodlands of Australia are usually dominated by species of Eucalyptus. The different vegetation communities are often named for the main canopy species, and include Jarrah forest, Marri forest, Karri forest, Wandoo woodlands, Mountain Ash forest, Ironbark woodlands, Mallee woodlands and many others...

a still smoking log after a managed fire burn (image by Damon Ramsey)(near Lane Poole National Park, W.A)

Fire can be a regular occurrence in the temperate Eucalytptus woodlands and open forests. The trees burn easily, as Eucalyptus have high amounts of flammable oil in their leaves. Human populations in Australia are concentrated in the south-east and south-west, often in or on the edge of these woodlands, thus there is a lot of effort and study put into managing fire regimes.

(Mt Franklin National Park, Western Australia)

Astroboletus occidentalis, 'Ridge-stemmed Bolete''. Often found growing with 'Jarrah' Eucalyptus marginata in south-west Australia.

(Mt Franklin National Park, Western Australia)

Boletellus obscurecoccineus, 'Rhubarb Bolete'. One of the more colourful mushrooms of temperate areas. In some areas, the bright red colour may transform into blue when bruised. Widely found on the forest floor in Australia, through New Guinea, and into Asia north to Japan.

For the page on plants of Australian temperate forest and woodlands

towering Karri Gum image by Damon Ramsey)Karri Gum

Class Insecta

(south-east Queensland)

Euploea core, 'Common Crow Butterfly'. One of the more common butterflies in Australia. Found in many wetter habitats across the eastern and northern parts of the continent and up into tropical Asia.

(south-east Queensland)

Tirumala hamata, 'Dark Blue Tiger Butterfly'. Found in wetter parts of Australia and into tropical Pacific islands and north into tropical Asia.


Cryptocheilus spp., 'Spider Wasp'. Known to kill even large spiders like Huntsman.

Class Amphibia

Order Anura: Frogs

Green Tree Frog (image by Damon Ramsey)(Crow's Nest National Park, Queensland)

Ranoidea caerulea'Australian Green Tree Frog', 'Dumpy Tree Frog', 'White's Tree Frog'. Probably the most commonly seen tree frog in temperate Australian woodlands. Call is loud, rough and slow 'rawr.....rawr....rawr". Common in the pet trade. Found across Australia, sometimes even in toilet bowls.  

For the page on birds of Australian temperate forest and woodlands

(Nornalup, WA)

For the page on parrots of Australian temperate forest & woodlands

Western Rosella female (image by Damon Ramsey)

For the page on
mammals of Australian temperate forest & woodlands

Throughout the virus I am working in Australia on and off as local borders close, mostly in the Kimberley with Coral Expeditions (May-September). If you can't go travelling until everything settles down, then until then, here I am doing online guided walks for Noble Caledonia and online lectures for Silversea.