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AUSTRALASIAN Temperate Forest

The birds of the temperate forest and open Eucalyptus woodlands of Australia...

Family Casuariidae

(Donnelly River, W.A.)

Dromaius novaehollandiae, 'Emu'. Second tallest bird in the world, up to 190cm in height. Found in drier habitats across much of Australia.

(Donnelly River, W.A.)

Emus can run up to 50 kilometres an hour. With their billowy feather coat and jerky movements, they look like an panicking lady running in a large dress.

Emu (image by Damon Ramsey)(Donnelly River, W.A.)

Emus have nicitating membranes across their eye (a secondary eyelid) to protect them from dust.

(Donnelly River, W.A.)

Emus are often seen in pairs, family groups (father and chicks), or small flocks.

Family Anatidae: Ducks, Geese, Swans

(Lane Poole, WA)

Anas superciliosa, 'Pacific Black Duck'.

Family Columbidae: Pigeons and Doves

(Nornalup, WA)

When most people think of 'pigeon', they think of your average urban introduced species; however, there are many subtly beautiful species of native pigeon in most Australian habitats, including the temperate woodlands & forests.

Spilopelia senegalensis, 'Laughing Dove' (Rottnest Island). An introduced species, native to Africa, Middle-east and India; feral population in south-west Australian woodlands.

(Rottnest Island)

Streptopelia chinensis, 'Laughing Dove'. An introduced species from Asia now found in south-east and south-west urban areas, farms and woodlands in Australia.

(John Forrest National Park)

Phaps chalcoptera, 'Common Bronzewing'.

Family Accipitridae: Hawks, Kites, Eagles

(Dryandra, WA)

Aquila audax, 'Wedge-tailed Eagle'. Largest bird of prey in Australia. Found in the drier open habitats across much of the continent.

Family Tytonidae: Barn Owls
Family Strigidae: Typical Owls
Family Meropidae Bee-eaters

Family Coraciidae: Rollers

(Emerald, Queensland)

Eurystomus orientalis'Oriental Dollarbird'. Often appears dark in silhouette, with only red bill looking colourful; but if seen in the right light, the pretty colours of the blue body are apparent. Breeds in eastern Australia every southern summer, then in winter migrates into tropics of New Guinea and Asia.

Family Falconidae

For the page on the parrots of Australian temperate forests & woodlands

Family Climacteridae: Treecreepers

'Western (Rufous) Treecreeper' (Dryandra, Western Australia).

Family Maluridae: Australian Wrens

Fairy Wren catching insect (Image by Damon Ramsey)Fairy Wren (Yanchep, Western Australia)

While the breeding males of fairy wrens are very colourful, females and juveniles are duller in colour.

Red-winged Fairy Wren (image by Damon Ramsey)Red-winged Fairy Wren (Valley of the Giants carpark, Walpole, Western Australia)

Malurus elegans, 'Red-winged Fairy Wren'. Endemic to south-west of Australia.

Family Meliphagidae: Honeyeaters

Dryandra WA

Lichmera indistincta, 'Brown Honeyeater'. One of Australia's most adaptable and widespread honeyeaters, found in various habitats including rainforest, mangroves and woodlands, across much of the country and into New Guinea, only absent in the drier parts of the south.

(Dryandra, WA)

Gavicalis virescens, 'Singing Honeyeater'. One of Australia's most widespread honeyeaters, found in dry habitats across most of the country except for the wetter habitats on the east coast.

(John Forrest National Park, (Western Australia)

Ptilotula ornata, 'Yellow-plumed Honeyeater'. Found in drier woodlands across southern Australia.

New Holland Honeyeater (image by Damon Ramsey)(Yanchep, Australia)

Phylidonyris novaehollandiae, 'New Holland Honeyeater'. Striking contrasting colours. Energetic and fast, usually seen on large flowers, such as Banksias and Grevilleas, feeding on nectar. But also catches insects. Habitats include open woodland and heath. Found in south-eastern and south-western Australia. 

(Kings Park, Western Australia)

Phylidonyris niger, 'White-cheeked Honeyeater'. Found in south-west and along east coast of continent. Usually associated with heath, such as Banksias.

(Dryandra, WA)

Melithreptus chloropsis, 'Gilbert's/Western White-naped Honeyeater'. Small. Endemic to the south-west of Australia.

(Lloyd Jones Weir, Queensland)

Entomyzon cyanotis, 'Blue-faced Honeyeater'.

(Lloyd Jones Weir, Queensland)

'Blue-faced Honeyeater' juveniles have green masks.

Family Pachycephalidae: Shrike-thrush & Whistlers

(Queensland)

'Grey Shrike-thrush'.

Western Australia)

'Grey Shrike-thrush'.

Pachycephala rufiventris, 'Rufous Whistler' (Yanchep).

Pachycephala occidentalis, 'Western Golden Whistler' (Dryandra).

Family Campephagidae

Coracina spp. 'Cuckoo-shrikes'

A genus of about 22 species found in Asia and Australasia. They are not closely related to either cuckoos or shrikes. They usually shuffle their wings upon landing.

Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike (image by Damon Ramsey)(Herdsman Lake, Western Australia)

Coracina novaehollandiae, 'Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike'. Very common and widespread bird in different habitats throughout Australia. It is so common that in bird surveys the long name of the bird is shortened to "Biffkiss" - BFCS.

Family Artamidae: Woodswallows, Butcherbirds & Australian Magpie

Artamus cyanopterus, 'Dusky Woodswallow' (Dryandra, Western Australia).

(Dryandra, Western Australia).

Strepera versicolor, 'Grey Currawong'. Found in various habitats right across southern Australia.

Gymnorhina tibicen, 'Australian Magpie', (Kings Park, Western Australia).

Family Rhipiduridae: Fantails

Grey Fantail (image by Damon Ramsey)(Lane Poole National Park, W.A)

Rhipidura albiscapa, 'Grey Fantail'. Active, twirling around catching insects. Found in a variety of habitats across Australia.

Family Dicruridae: Drongos

Most species are found in Africa, Asia and Australasia. 

Spangled Drongo (image by Damon Ramsey)(Crow's Nest National Park, Queensland)

Dicrurus bracteatus'Spangled Drongo'. The only drongo regularly found in Australia. Can be quite noisey, with 'scissor' call and much squawking which apparently includes mimicry. This species migrates down into the temperate Australian woodlands every spring to breed. Found in eastern and across northern Australia, New Guinea, and into eastern Indonesia.

Family Corcoracidae: Australian Mudnesters

an Apostlebird (image by Damon Ramsey)

There are only two species in this family, and both are endemic to Australia.

two Apostlebirds (image by Damon Ramsey)

Struthidea cinerea, 'Apostlebird'. The main common name comes from the fact that this bird is almost always in groups, sometimes a dozen, the number of apostles of religious figure Jesus Christ. Because this bird is common and has a lot of character, it has a lot of other common names; grey jumper, lousy jack,”awky sqwarky” or CWA (country womens association) bird. They have a variety a cute squawks and squeaks and are lively, curious and fun to watch. They live in various types of woodlands across the eastern third of Australia, where they are most common more inland, and often scavenge around camps and picnic areas.

Corcorax melanorhamphos, 'White-winged Chough'. Large black bird with large bulging bright blood-red eye and curved beak. hHangs out in gangs. Found in open forest and woodlands in south-eastern Australia; seem more obvious in in higher altitude areas. Not related to the superficially similar Choughs of Eurasia, which are in the same family as crows.  

Family Corvidae

Corvus coronoides, 'Australian Raven', (Rottnest Island, Australia). Large obvious 'beard' of throat feather hackles and white eyes.  The more common larger corvid in south-eastern and south western Australian woodlands.

Family Petroicidae: Australasian Robins
Family Hirundinidae: Martins & Swallows
Family Zosteropidae: White-eyes
Estrildidae: Estrildid Finches

For the page on the Australian temperate forest and woodlands

Can't go travelling until everything settles down? I am doing virtual guided walks...