hummingbirds
NEOTROPICAL Rainforest 

The hummingbirds of the South American and Central American Rainforest...

Family Trochilidae: Hummingbirds

Ramphodon Hermit
Eutoxers Sicklebill
Glaucis
Threnetes
Anopetia
Phaethornis
Androden
Doryfera
Phaechroa
Campylopterus 'Sabrewings'
Aphantochroa
Eupetomena
Florisuga

Colibri spp. 'Violet-ears'

Colibri coruscans, 'Sparkling Violetear' (Manu Paradise Lodge, Peru).

Anthracothorax
Avocettula
Topza
Eulampis
Chrysolampis
Orthoryhnchus
Klais
Styephanoxis
Abeillia
Lophornis
Discosura
Trochilus
Chlorostilbon 'Emeralds'
Panterpe
Elvira
Eupherusa
Goethalsia
Goldmania
Cyanthus
Cyanophaia
Thalurania
Juliamyia
Lepidopyga
Hylocharis

Chrysuronia spp. 'Saphires'

Hummingbird (image by Damon Ramsey)Golden-tailed Saphire Hummingbird (Wildsumaco, Ecuador)

Chrysuronia oenone, 'Golden-tailed Saphire'. Found in rainforest in northern South America and along the Andes.

Leucochloris
Polytmus
Leucippus
Taphrospilus

Amazilia spp.

Amazilia viridicauda, 'Green and White Hummingbird' (Machu Picchu, Peru).

Microchera
Anthocephala
Chalybura
Lampornis
Basilinna
Lamprolaima

Adelomyia spp.

Adelomyia melanogenys, 'Speckled Hummingbird' (Bellavista Lodge, Ecuador). Widespread in the mountain rainforests of South America.

Phlogophilus
Clytolaema

Heliodox spp. 'Brilliants'

Heliodoxa leadbeateri, 'Violet-fronted Brilliant', (Manu Paradise Lodge, Peru).

Eugenes
Hylonympha
Sternoclyta
Urochroa
Boissonneaua

Aglaectis sp. 'Sunbeams'

Aglaeactis cupripennis, 'Shining Sunbeam' (Tambo Condor, Ecuador). Found in montane rainforest and shrubland in the Andes.

Oreotrochilus
Lafresnaya

Coeligena spp.'Incas'

Coeligena torquata, 'Collared Inca' (Bellavista Lodge, Ecuador). Lives in mountain rainforest of South America.

Ensifera sp.

There is only one species in this genus.

'Sword-bliled Hummingbird' in Ecuador, image by Damon Ramsey

Ensifera ensifera, 'Sword-billed Hummingbird', (Tambo Condor, Ecuador) As suggested by the name, the bill is very long; the only bird that has a bill longer than it's body. It looks absurd, and the bird can not preen with it's own bill like most birds, but must use it's feet. When it perches, it is usually with the bill pointing upwards. They mostly feed on the nectar from flowers in the genera Datura and Passiflora, especially 'Curuba' Passiflora mixta, which it is thought to have co-evolved with. The bird is found in montane forest and shrublands in the Andes. 

Pterpophanes spp.

Patagona sp. 

There is only one species in this genus.

Patagona gigas, 'Giant Hummingbird' (Tambo Condor, Ecuador). Plain brown with rufous underbelly. As the names suggests, this is the largest of all hummingbirds; it is about the size of an European Starling, but is much lighter. It is found on the edge of the montane forest and in shrublands in the Andes.

Sephanoides spp.

Heliangelus spp. 'Sunangels'

Heliangelus amethysticollis'Amethyst-throated Sunangel'. Found in mountain rainforest. (Wayqecha Lodge, Peru).

Heliangelus strophianus, 'Gorgeted Sunangel', (Bellavista Cloud Forest Lodge, Ecuador). Found in rainforest on western slopes of Andes, Ecuador and Columbia.

Eriocnemis
Haplophaedia
Urosticte

Ocreatus spp. 'Booted Racket-tails'

Ocreatus addae, 'Rufous-Booted Racket-tail' (Manu Paradise Lodge, Peru).

Look at the cute fluffy go-go boots on the Booted Racquet-tail Hummingbird! (Damon Ramsey)

Ocreatus underwoodii, 'White-Booted Racket-tail' (Tandayapa Lodge, Ecuador).

Lesbia
Sappho
Polyonymus
Ramphomicron
Oreonympha
Oxypogon
Metallura
Chalcostigma
Opisthoprora
Taphrolesbia

Aglaiocercus spp. 'Slyphs'

 Only the males have the longer tails, as this would be impractical for nesting females.

Aglaiocercus kingii, 'Long-tailed Sylph', (Wayqecha Lodge, Peru). Often seen at feeders. Found in mountain rainforest and edge in Andes.

Aglaiocercus coelestis, 'Violet-tailed Sylph', (Tandayapa Lodge, Ecuador). Visits feeders. Found in mountain rainforest of the Andes.

Augastes
Schistes
Heliothyrax
Heliactin
Loddigesia
Heliomaster
Rhodopsis
Thaumastura
Tilmatura
Doricha

Calliphlox spp. 'Woodstars'

There are four species in this distinctive genus. They are small (even for hummingbirds) and fly like giant bumblebees.

Calliphlox mitchellii, 'Purple-throated Woodstar' (Tandayapa Ecuador). Found only in rainforest on west slopes of the Andes (and a small spot in Panama).

Microstilbon
Calothorax
Mellisuga
Archilochus
Calypte
Atthis
Myrtis
Eulidia
Myrmia
Chaetocercus
Selasphorus

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