I have lived for a longer time in North Queensland Australia than I have spent working in New Guinea; thus I will have more images from the former than the latter. However, the New Guinea region has a far higher diversity of rainforest birds than the Australian mainland. This is partly due to the more equatorial position, but also there is simply so much more area of rainforest in New Guinea than Australia. This section also includes the birds from other islands of Melanesia (Fiji and eastwards is included in Rainforest of Oceania).
Cassowaries are the largest rainforest birds on the planet. There are three species. They are all found in New Guinea, with one species also found in north-east Australia.
Casuarius casuarius, 'Southern/Double-wattled Cassowary'. Found in and around rainforest, in north-east Australia, and southern New Guinea.
Casuarius unappendiculatus, 'Northern/Single-wattled Cassowary' (juvenile). Found in northern New Guinea.
Alectura lathami, 'Australian Brush Turkey'. The largest species in this family.
Columba leucomela, 'White-headed Pigeon'. Large. White on head, breast and belly, contrasting with dark bark. Red on bill. Endemic to rainforests of east coast of Australia.
These pigeons are mostly brownish with long tails.
Macropygia phasianella, 'Brown Cuckoo-Dove'. Plain looking from a distance, but quite pretty close up.
The most colourful of pigeons!
Ptilinopus viridis, 'Claret-breasted Fruit Dove', Found in the Spice Islands, New Guinea and Solomon Islands.
Ptilinopus tannensis, 'Tanna Fruit Dove'.
Ducula pistrinaria, 'Island Imperial Pigeon'. Found in rainforest and mangroves on islands throughout the Solomons and eastern New Guinea.
Cacatua ducorpsii, 'Solomons Cockatoo', 'Ducorp's Cockatoo'.
Geoffroyus geoffroyi, 'Red-cheeked Parrot'. Sexually dimorphic; male has blue head and red neck, in some populations this is very bright, as in image above. This is a widespread species, and there are up to 17 subspecies. They are found around wet and dry forest, mostly lowland New Guinea, but also extending west through the Moluccas and east to Cape York.
Alisterus scapularis, 'Australian King Parrot'. Male is a striking red and green, with female having only having red on belly. Call is a single high piercing metallic whistle. Endemic to forests and nearby habitats of Australia's east coast.
Eclectus roratus, 'Eclectus Parrot' male (Sepik River, Papua New Guinea). Sexes in this species are extremely dimorphic; the males are bright lime green and the females are red: however in flight they look unexpectedly dull in silhouette.
Platycercus elegans 'Crimson Rosella'. Found in forests and wetter woodlands along east coast and throughout south-east of Australia.
Pseudeos cardinalis, 'Cardinal Lorikeet', (Marovo Lagoon, Solomons).
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