NEOTROPICAL Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest
butterflies

The incredibly diverse and stunning moths and butterflies of the tropical American rainforest...

Order Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies

Family Papilionidae

Papilio thoas, King Swallowtail’ or ‘Thoas Swallowtail’. (Iguazu Falls, Brazi).

Family Nymphalidae

Hamadryas spp. 'Cracker Butterflies' include some 25 species throughout the Neotropics. They are usually spotted, and sometumes blend in when seen perched on trunks upside down. They get their common name from make a crackling sound during territorial displays. Unlike most other butterflies they don't feed on nectar from flowers, but are attracted to rotting fruit on the forest floor, sap and even animal dung.

Subfamily Danainae

Tribe Ithomiini

Greta spp. 'Clearwings'

The stunning transparent wings of the Clearwing Butterflies make them one of the most recognisable group in the Neotropics. There are some 25 species.

Greta sp., 'Clearwing Butterfly', (Manu road, Peru).

Methona spp.

Methona themisto, ‘Bates Butterfly’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Methona maxima, (Waychega, Peru).

Subfamily Charaxinae

Tribe Anaeini

Memphis sp., 'Leaf Butterfly' (Manu Road, Peru).

Subfamily Satyrinae

Tribe Haeterini

Blushing Phantom butterfly, (image by Damon Ramsey)(Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador)

Cithaerias pireta, 'Blushing Phantom', 'Pink-tipped Clearwing'.

Subfamily Heliconiinae

Tribe Acraeini

Actinote spp.

This genus has over 40 species.

Actinote sp. from above wings open (Manu Road, Peru).

Actinote sp. from the side wings closed (Manu Road, Peru).

Subfamily Limenitidinae

Adelpha cythera, ’Smooth-banded Sister’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Subfamily Apaturinae

Doxocopa agathina, ‘Agathina Emperor’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazi).

Subfamily Biblidinae

Tribe Biblidini

Hamadryas spp. 'Crackers'

Hamadryas sp. 'Cracker Butterfly' (Villa Carmen Lodge, Peru).

Tribe Callicorini 'Eight-eights' and relatives

Perisama spp.

 A group of some 40 species of butterflies that small, usually black and blue butterflies, with number like markings on the underside. They live mostly in the high altitude rainforest of the Andes.

Perisama calamis, 'Royal Perisama', (Manu road, Peru).

Callicore spp. 'Number Wings'

About 20 species of butterfly that often have the pattern of a number on the underwings, usually looking like '88' in a similar way to their relatives the Diaethria.

Callicore hydaspes, ‘Number Wing’ (Iguazu, Brazil).

Diaethria spp. 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ 

A famous group of a dozen species of butterfly that often have the pattern of a number on the underwings, usually looking like '88' in a similar way to their relatives the Callicore.

Diaethria cylmena, 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Eighty-eight and Eighty-nine butterfly (image by Damon Ramsey)what's better than an 88 butterfly? why an 89 butterfly of course! (Tandayapa Lodge, Ecuador).

Diaethria euclides, 'Eighty-nine Butterfly'.

Subfamily Cyrestinae

Marpesia spp., 'Daggerwings'

Marpesia berania, ‘Amber Daggerwing’. (Iguazu Falls, Brazi).

Marpesia zerynthia, 'Waiter Daggerwing', Ecuador.

Subfamily Nymphalinae

Tribe Nymphalini

Hypanartia spp. 'Mapwings'

Hypanartia lethe ‘Orange Mapwing/Admiral’. (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Tribe Junoniini

Junonia evarete,’ Buck-eye’, ‘Pansy’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Family Riodinidae

Lasaia agesilas, ‘Metamark’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Lepidoptera to identify

(Machu Picchu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)

For the page on the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the plants of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the invertebrates of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the insects of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the moths of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the butterflies of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the ants, wasps & bees of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the amphibians of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the reptiles of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the birds of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the non-passerine birds of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the passerine songbirds of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the hummingbirds of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the tanagers of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the mammals of the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the places to experience the tropical American rainforest


Thinking of travelling again after everything settles down? The first expedition I am booked to work on after the virus is Micronesia, New Guinea & Indonesia in 2021 with Silversea. Meanwhile I am giving a lecture on the Sunshine Coast (Australia) on the "Sounds of suburban south-east Queensland".