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NEOTROPICAL Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest
butterflies

The incredibly diverse and stunning moths and butterflies of the tropical American rainforest...

Order Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies

Family Papilionidae

(Iguazu Falls, Brazi)
Papilio thoas, King Swallowtail(Iguazu Falls, Brazi)

Papilio thoas, 'King Swallowtail’ or ‘Thoas Swallowtail’.

Family Nymphalidae

Hamadryas spp. 'Cracker Butterflies' include some 25 species throughout the Neotropics. They are usually spotted, and sometumes blend in when seen perched on trunks upside down. They get their common name from make a crackling sound during territorial displays. Unlike most other butterflies they don't feed on nectar from flowers, but are attracted to rotting fruit on the forest floor, sap and even animal dung.

Subfamily Danainae

Tribe Ithomiini

Greta spp. 'Clearwings'

The stunning transparent wings of the Clearwing Butterflies make them one of the most recognisable group in the Neotropics. There are some 25 species.

Greta sp., 'Clearwing Butterfly'(Manu road, Peru)

Greta sp., 'Clearwing Butterfly'.

Methona spp.

Methona themisto, ‘Bates Butterfly’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Methona maxima, (Waychega, Peru).

Subfamily Charaxinae

Tribe Anaeini

Memphis sp., 'Leaf Butterfly' (Manu Road, Peru).

Subfamily Satyrinae

Tribe Haeterini

Blushing Phantom butterfly, (image by Damon Ramsey)(Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador)

Cithaerias pireta, 'Blushing Phantom', 'Pink-tipped Clearwing'.

Subfamily Heliconiinae

Tribe Acraeini

Actinote spp.

This genus has over 40 species.

(Manu Road, Peru)
(Manu Road, Peru)

Actinote sp. from above wings open (above left), and from the side wings closed (above right)

Subfamily Limenitidinae

Adelpha cythera, ’Smooth-banded Sister’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Subfamily Apaturinae

Doxocopa agathina, ‘Agathina Emperor’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazi).

Subfamily Biblidinae

Tribe Biblidini

Hamadryas spp. 'Crackers'

Hamadryas sp. 'Cracker Butterfly' (Villa Carmen Lodge, Peru).

Tribe Callicorini 'Eight-eights' and relatives

Perisama spp.

 A group of some 40 species of butterflies that small, usually black and blue butterflies, with number like markings on the underside. They live mostly in the high altitude rainforest of the Andes.

Perisama calamis, 'Royal Perisama', (Manu road, Peru).

Callicore spp. 'Number Wings'

About 20 species of butterfly that often have the pattern of a number on the underwings, usually looking like '88' in a similar way to their relatives the Diaethria.

Callicore hydaspes, ‘Number Wing’ (Iguazu, Brazil).

Diaethria spp. 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ 

A famous group of a dozen species of butterfly that often have the pattern of a number on the underwings, usually looking like '88' in a similar way to their relatives the Callicore.

Diaethria cylmena, 'Eighty-eight Butterfly’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Eighty-eight and Eighty-nine butterfly (image by Damon Ramsey)what's better than an 88 butterfly? why an 89 butterfly of course! (Tandayapa Lodge, Ecuador).

Diaethria euclides, 'Eighty-nine Butterfly'.

Subfamily Cyrestinae

Marpesia spp., 'Daggerwings'

Marpesia berania, ‘Amber Daggerwing’. (Iguazu Falls, Brazi).

Marpesia zerynthia, 'Waiter Daggerwing', Ecuador.

Subfamily Nymphalinae

Tribe Nymphalini

Hypanartia spp. 'Mapwings'

Hypanartia lethe ‘Orange Mapwing/Admiral’. (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Tribe Junoniini

Junonia evarete,’ Buck-eye’, ‘Pansy’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Family Riodinidae

Lasaia agesilas, ‘Metamark’ (Iguazu Falls, Brazil).

Lepidoptera to identify

(Machu Picchu, Peru)
(Iguazu Falls, Brazil)
(Iguazu Falls, Brazil)
(Iguazu Falls, Brazil)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)
(Wayqecha Lodge, Manu, Peru)

For the page on the tropical American rainforest
For the page on the moths of the tropical American rainforest

Updates
Well it looks like my first trip after the virus will be the Great Barrier Reef (where I started!) with Coral Expeditions.....I hope. If you can't go travelling until everything settles down, then until then, here I am doing online guided walks for Noble Caledonia and online lectures for Silversea.