INDO-MALAYAN Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest
Non-passerine birds

Family Phasianidae


Pavo muticus, 'Green Peafowl'.. Disjunct population: found on the south-east Asian mainland, and Java.

(Khao Yai National Park, Thailand)

Lophura nycthemera, 'Silver Pheasant'. Found in mostly montane forest on south-east Asian mainland, north into southern China.

Family Columbidae: Pigeons

(Horton Plains, Sri Lanka)

Columba torringtoniae'Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon'. Endemic to Sri Lanka. Endemic to montane forest of Sri Lanka.

(Lampelri Gardens, Bhutan)

Treron sphenurus, 'Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon' males. Found in mountain rainforests on the south-east Asian mainland. 

(Keosemia, Cambodia)

Treron curvirostra'Thick-billed Pigeon'. Distinctive green eye ring. Males have maroon backs. Found in across tropical Asia, from Borneo west to India. 

(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)

Treron pompadora, 'Sri Lanka Green Pigeon', female. Endemic to Sri Lanka.

(Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan)

Macropygia unchall, 'Barred Cuckoo-Dove'. Distinctive iridescent neck.

(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)

Chalcophaps indica, 'Emerald Dove'.  Found throughout tropical Asia.

Phapitreron spp. 'Philippine Brown Doves'

The four species of pigeon in this genus are all endemic to the Philippines.

(Subic Bay, Philippines)

Phapitreron leucotis, 'White-eared Brown Dove'. Endemic to the Philippines.

Ducula spp. 'Nutmeg Pigeons', 'Imperial Pigeons'

(Sri Lanka)

Ducula aenea, 'Green Imperial Pigeon'. Widespread in forest and forest edge, especially on islands, throughout tropical Asia, from India to islands off western New Guinea. 

Family Cuculidae: Cuckoos

(Khao Sok National Park, Thailand)

Based on range, probably: Cuculus saturatus, 'Himalayan Cuckoo'. Similar to several other cuckoos such as Oriental, Common and Lesser, although this on eiofs more common across tropical Asia.

Family Podargidae: 'Frogmouths'

(Kithugal, Sri Lanka)

Batrachostomus moniliger, 'Sri Lankan/Ceylon Frogmouth'.  Found in western Ghats of India and Sri Lanka.

Family Rallidae: 'Rails' and 'Coots'


Gallirallus torquatus, 'Barred Rail'. Found in understory of coastal rainforest on small islands in the Philippines and Sulawesi. 

Family Accipitridae: Eagles & Hawks

(Kinabatangan River, Malaysia)

Nisaetus cirrhatus, 'Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle'.  As common name suggests, the colour and patterns vary. One of most distinctive features is the crest, however, not all individuals have this; (don't forget it's called 'changeable'). They are a commonly seen bird of prey and occur in many habitats, including the edge of the rainforest. There are many sub-species (or even species n a complex) across tropical Asia.

(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)

Haliastur indus, 'Brahminy Kite'.

Family Strigidae: Typical Owls

(Kinabatangan River, Borneo, Malaysia)

Ketupa ketupu'Buffy Fish Owl'. Lives in tropical forests and wetlands, and although shy can also be found around agricultural areas.

(Kaeng Krachan, Thailand)

Otus sunia, 'Oriental Scops Owl'.

Otus megalotis, 'Philippine Scops Owl'.  Endemic to Philippines.

Family Bucerotidae: 'Hornbills'

Hornbills are large birds, and the swooshing of the wings of some species sounds like an approaching steam train!

(Keo Seima, Cambodia)

Buceros bicornis, 'Great Hornbill'.

(Kaeng Krachan National Park, Thailand)

Anthracoceros albirostris, 'Oriental Pied Hornbill'. The most commonly seen Hornbill throughout south-east Asia.

(Khao Yai National Park, Thailand)

Rhyticeros undulatus, 'Wreathed/Bar-pouched Hornbill'. The male has large yellow throat, and sometimes you can see a stripe across this. Found in forest and flying across forest edge and gaps, often in higher altitude areas. Found across south-east Asia south to Java. 

(Kithugala, Sri lanka)

Ocyceros gingalensis, 'Ceylon Grey Hornbill'.

(Subic Bay, Philippines)
(Subic Bay, Philippines)

Penelopides manillae, 'Luzon Hornbill' male and female. Found only in the northern Philippines.

Family Meropidae: Bee-eaters

Nyctyornis athertoni'Blue-bearded Bee-Eater' (Keosimia, Cambodia).

Family Coraciidae: Rollers

(Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan)

Coracias benghalensis, 'Indian Roller'.

Family Alcedinidae: Kingfishers

Blue-eared Kingfisher (image by Damon Ramsey)(Kinabatangan, Borneo, Malaysia)

Alcedo meninting, 'Blue-eared Kingfisher'.

(Tanjung Puting National Park, Indonesia)

Pelargopsis capensis, 'Stork-billed Kingfisher'. A large and strikingly coloured kingfisher. Usually lives along rivers, throughout tropical Asia, from India, north to to the Philippines and south east to the Lesser Sundas. 

Family Megalaimidae, 'Asian Barbets'

(Baan Maka Lodge, Thailand)

Psilopogon faiostrictus, 'Green-eared Barbet'.

(Kelani, Sri Lanka)

Psilopogon flavifrons, 'Yellow-fronted Barbet'. Endemic to Sri Lanka.


Psilopogon franklinii, 'Golden-throated Barbet'. Found in hill forest on the south-east Asian mainland.

Family Picidae: Woodpeckers

(Keosemia, Cambodia)

Dryocopus javensis'White-bellied/Great Black Woodpecker'.


Dendrocopos hyperythrus, 'Rufous-bellied Woodpecker'. Found in forest across mainland south-east Asia, from Himalayas, north to China.

Dinopium spp. 'Flamebacks'

A small genus of five species found in south-east and southern Asia.

(Kitulgala, Sri Lanka)

Dinopium psarodes. 'Red-backed Flameback'. Endemic to Sri Lanka.

Family Eurylaimidae: 'True' Broadbills

(Jahoo Gibbon Camp, Cambodia)

Corydon sumatranus, 'Dusky Broadbill'.

Family Psittaculidae; Asian & Australian Parrots

(Sinharaja, Sri Lanka)

Loriculus beryllinus, 'Ceylon Hanging Parrot'. Endemic to Sri Lanka.

(Nature Lodge, Cambodia)

Psittacula alexandri, 'Red-breasted Parakeet'. Found in rainforest across much of south-east Asia.

(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)

Psittacula calthrapae, 'Layard's Parakeet'. Endemic breeder to forests and forest edge of Sri Lanka.

(Subic Bay, Philippines)

Bolbopsittacus lunulatus, 'Guaiabero'.

Family Pittidae, Pittas


Pitta moluccensis, 'Blue-winged Pitta'.

(Kaeng Krachan, Thailand)

Hydrornis phayrei, 'Eared Pitta'.

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