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INDO-MALAYAN Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest

The beautiful and diverse birds of the tropical Asian jungle...

Family Phasianidae


Pavo muticus, 'Green Peafowl'.. Disjunct population: found on the south-east Asian mainland, and Java.

(Khao Yai National Park, Thailand)

Lophura nycthemera, 'Silver Pheasant'. Found in mostly montane forest on south-east Asian mainland, north into southern China.

Family Columbidae: Pigeons

(Horton Plains, Sri Lanka)

Columba torringtoniae'Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon'. Endemic to Sri Lanka. Endemic to montane forest of Sri Lanka.

(Lampelri Gardens, Bhutan)

Treron sphenurus, 'Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon' males. Found in mountain rainforests on the south-east Asian mainland. 

(Keosemia, Cambodia)

Treron curvirostra'Thick-billed Pigeon'.

(Kithugala, Sri Lanka)

Treron pompadora, 'Sri Lanka Green Pigeon', female. Endemic to Sri Lanka.

Macropygia unchall, 'Barred Cuckoo-Dove',  (Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan). Distinctive iridescent neck.

Chalcophaps indica, 'Emerald Dove', (Kithugala, Sri Lanka). Found throughout tropical Asia.

Phapitreron spp. 'Philippine Brown Doves'

The four species of pigeon in this genus are all endemic to the Philippines.

Phapitreron leucotis, 'White-eared Brown Dove', (Subic Bay, Philippines). Endemic to the Philippines.

Ducula spp. 'Nutmeg Pigeons', 'Imperial Pigeons'

Ducula aenea, 'Green Imperial Pigeon' (Sri Lanka). Widespread in forest and forest edge, especially on islands, throughout tropical Asia, from India to islands off western New Guinea. 

Family Cuculidae: Cuckoos

Cuculus optatus, 'Oriental Cuckoo'. (Khao Sok National Park, Thailand).

Family Podargidae: Frogmouths

Batrachostomus moniliger, 'Sri lankan/Ceylon Frogmouth' (Kithugal, Sri Lanka). Found in western Ghats of India and Sri Lanka.

Family Rallidae: Rails, Gallinules, Coots 

Gallirallus torquatus, 'Barred Rail'. Found in understory of coastal rainforest on small islands in the Philippines and Sulawesi. 

Family Accipitridae: Eagles & Hawks

Nisaetus cirrhatus, 'Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle' (Kinabatangan River, Malaysia). As common name suggests, the colour and patterns vary. One of most distinctive features is the crest, however, not all individuals have this; (don't forget it's called 'changeable'). They are a commonly seen bird of prey and occur in many habitats, including the edge of the rainforest. There are many sub-species (or even species n a complex) across tropical Asia.

Haliastur indus, 'Brahminy Kite' (Kithugala, Sri Lanka).

Family Strigidae: Typical Owls

Ketupa ketupu'Buffy Fish Owl' (Kinabatangan River, Borneo, Malaysia).

Otus sunia, 'Oriental Scops Owl' (Kaeng Krachan, Thailand).

Otus megalotis, 'Philippine Scops Owl' (Nuts Huts, Bohol, Philippines).

For the page on the Asian tropical rainforest

Throughout the virus I am working in Australia on and off as local borders close, mostly in the Kimberley with Coral Expeditions (May-September). If you can't go travelling until everything settles down, then until then, here I am doing online guided walks for Noble Caledonia and online lectures for Silversea.