INDO-MALAYAN  Tropical & Subtropical Dry (Deciduous) Forest
mammals

The mammals of the dry deciduous forests of tropical south east Asia and India...

Order Proboscidea

Family Elephantidae

There are three recognised living species of elephant; two in Africa, and one in Asia. Of the latter, there are three subspecies.

Elephants eat tree bark, twigs, fruits, grass and roots, and might gobble up to 150 kilograms of food  day.

Indian Elephant (image by Damon Ramsey)Indian Elephant (Udawalawa national park, Sri Lanka)

Elephas maximus indicus, '(Indian) Asian Elephant', mother with young.

Indian Elephant young (Udawalawa national park, Sri Lanka)

Order Primates

Family Cercopithecidae, 'Old World Monkeys'

Macaca sinica, 'Toque Macaque', (Bundala, Sri Lanka). Endemic to Sri Lanka.

(Bundala, Sri Lanka).

A young Toque Macaque.

Semnopithecus spp. 'Grey Langurs'

These monkeys are long limbed and usually greyish. They are mostly found in the open habitats of India and Sri Lanka. They mostly feed on leaves, but have been recorded eating grass, fruit, seeds, insects and larvae, and taking hand-outs from their relatives, humans.

Semnopithecus priam, 'Tufted Gray Langur', (Bundala, Sri Lanka). Found in south-eastern India and Sri Lanka.

Order Rodentia

Family  Sciuridae: Squirrels

(Kulen Prontemp, Cambodia).

Tamiops rodolphii, 'Cambodian Striped Squirrel'.

Order Cetartiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates and Cetacea

Family Bovidae

Family Cervidae

Deer, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka

Axis axis, 'Spotted Deer', 'Chital' Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka). Distributed across India and surrounding countries.

Order Carnivora

Family Herpestidae

Ruddy Mongoose (image by Damon Ramsey)Ruddy Mongoose (Yala National Park, Sri Lanka)

Herpestes smithii, 'Ruddy Mongoose'. Usually recorded in forest, but also seen in more open habitats, in Sri Lanka and India.

Family Felidae

Pathera tigrs, Tiger (Kanha, India).

Panthera pardus, 'Leopard' (Lunugamvehera National Park, Sri Lanka). Has a strange saw-like back and forth roar (that I have heard while hiding in my tent in India). One of the few big cats that still has a wide distribution; this species is found across tropical Africa and Asia.

For the page on the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the plants of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the reptiles of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the birds of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the passerine songbirds of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the mammals of the dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia
For the page on the places to experience dry forest & woodland of tropical Asia


Thinking of travelling again after everything settles down? The first expedition I am booked to work on after the virus is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia with Coral Expeditions. Meanwhile, here is a shortened version of one of my lectures in a warmer part of the world.